Endnotes

This page contains clickable versions of all the endnotes in Vital Foresight.


  1. “Definitions of Transhumanism” collected by Anders Sandberg, 1997 https://web.archive.org/web/19970712091927/http://www.aleph.se/Trans/Intro/definitions.html
  2. “Humanity+: What We Do” https://humanityplus.org/
  3. “Natasha Vita-More PhD” https://natashavita-more.com/
  4. One example is from August 2001: “Towards the 100 millionth Symbian OS phone” available at https://deltawisdom.com/insight/august-2001/
  5. As covered in my 2014 book Smartphones and Beyond: The remarkable rise and fall of Symbian https://smartphonesandbeyond.com/
  6. In Technology, Management and Society by Peter F. Drucker, Harper and Row, 1970
  7. “Welcome to London Futurists” https://londonfuturists.com/
  8. “Futurism Is Dead” by Hope Cristol, Wired, 2003 https://www.wired.com/2003/12/futurism-is-dead/; “Bullshit Jobs – Futurist, Thought Leader, Leader… if you call yourself this, you’re most probably not” by Donald Clark, 2018 http://donaldclarkplanb.blogspot.com/2018/09/bullshit-jobs-forget-technology-and.html; “Predictions are shit (& calling yourself a Futurist is silly)” by Bruce McTague, Enlightened Conflict, 2019 http://brucemctague.com/tag/futurists-are-just-full-of-shit
  9. For the importance of narrative in transforming our future, see The Myth Gap: What Happens When Evidence and Arguments Aren’t Enough by Alex Evans, Transworld Digital, 2017, and “ReWriting the Human Story: How Our Story Determines Our Future” by Nikola Danaylov, Singularity Weblog, 2021 https://www.singularityweblog.com/rewriting-the-human-story-how-our-story-determines-our-future/
  10. “The Mont Fleur Scenarios” by Adam Kahane, Pieter le Roux, Vincent Maphai, et al, Deeper News, Global Business Network, 1992 https://reospartners.com/wp-content/uploads/old/Mont%20Fleur.pdf
  11. “Mont Fleur Conference Centre” https://www.montfleur.co.za/about/
  12. Excerpt from Transformative Scenario Planning by Adam Kahane, Penguin Random House, 2012 https://www.penguinrandomhouse.ca/books/575191/transformative-scenario-planning-by-adam-kahane/9781609944902/excerpt
  13. “Bio: Adam Kahane” https://reospartners.com/reos-management/adam-kahane/
  14. Rabble-Rouser for Peace: The Authorised Biography of Desmond Tutu by John Allen, Free Press, 2006
  15. Breaking the Mould, The Role of Scenarios in Shaping South Africa’s Future by Nick Segal, Sun Press, 2007
  16. The scenarios can be viewed in video format: “Mont Fleur Scenarios” https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f92RYCZMwEk
  17. “The Icarus Scenario” by Clem Sunter, News 24, 2010 https://www.news24.com/news24/columnists/clemsunter/The-Icarus-Scenario-20100120
  18. “Statement by Mr Mboweni at his inauguration as new Governor of the Reserve Bank of South Africa”, Bank for International Settlements, 1999 https://www.bis.org/review/r990812c.pdf
  19. “An Essay on Criticism” by Alexander Pope, 1711, in Eighteenth-Century Poetry Archive https://www.eighteenthcenturypoetry.org/works/o3675-w0010.shtml
  20. “A Little Learning”, Poets’ Graves https://www.poetsgraves.co.uk/Classic%20Poems/Pope/a_little_learning.htm
  21. “The Neuroses of the Railway” by Ralph Harrington, History Today, July 1994 https://www.historytoday.com/archive/neuroses-railway
  22. “There is No Reason for Any Individual To Have a Computer in Their Home” by Garson O’Toole, Quote Investigator, 2017 https://quoteinvestigator.com/2017/09/14/home-computer/
  23. Association of Professional Futurists https://www.apf.org/
  24. The Foresight Institute https://foresight.org/
  25. The Millennium Project http://www.millennium-project.org/
  26. The Institute for Ethics and Emerging Technologies (IEET) https://ieet.org/
  27. Chapter 29, verse 18, in the King James translation
  28. The reference is to the interpretation by Joseph of the dreams of the Pharaoh, from Chapter 41 of the Book of Genesis
  29. “Social cycle theory”, Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Social_cycle_theory
  30. The Year Without Summer: 1816 and the Volcano That Darkened the World and Changed History by William K. Klingaman and Nicholas P. Klingaman, St. Martin’s Press, 2013
  31. “Ignaz Semmelweis and the birth of infection control” by M Best and D Neuhauser, BMJ Quality and Safety, 2004 https://qualitysafety.bmj.com/content/13/3/233
  32. “Continental Drift: Theory & Definition” by Becky Oskin, Live Science, 2017 https://www.livescience.com/37529-continental-drift.html
  33. “Shape the future: Our vision” https://web.archive.org/web/20200930041646/https://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/about/careers/working-at-cisco/executive.html
  34. “Be moved” http://corporate.sony.ca/html/sonyinfo/index.html
  35. “The mission and history of Dell Computers” https://www.thebalancesmb.com/dell-computer-company-profile-2892813
  36. “A computer in every home: How a crazy ‘shared mission’ drove Microsoft’s early days” from Microsoft Secrets: An Insider’s View of the Rocket Ride from Worst to First and Lessons Learned on the Journey by Dave Jaworski, Tech In Asia, 2018 https://www.techinasia.com/computer-home-crazy-shared-mission-drove-microsofts-early-days
  37. “From the garage to the Googleplex” https://about.google/our-story/
  38. “About Tesla” https://www.tesla.com/about
  39. “BHAG – Big Hairy Audacious Goal” from Built to Last: Successful Habits of Visionary Companies by Jim Collins and Jerry Porras, 1994 https://www.jimcollins.com/article_topics/articles/BHAG.html
  40. “We have 12 years to limit climate change catastrophe, warns UN” by Jonathan Watts, The Guardian, 2018 https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2018/oct/08/global-warming-must-not-exceed-15c-warns-landmark-un-report
  41. Human Extinction: A History of Thinking About the End of the World by Phil Torres, forthcoming, 2021
  42. Population Bomb by Paul R. Ehrlich, Ballantyne Books, New York, 1968, revised 1971 and 1978. Later editions of the book changed “in the 1970s” in that quote to “in the 1970s and 1980s”
  43. “Lifeboat Ethics: The Case Against Helping the Poor” by Garrett Hardin, Psychology Today, 1974 https://www.garretthardinsociety.org/articles/art_lifeboat_ethics_case_against_helping_poor.html
  44. What to Expect when No One’s Expecting: America’s Coming Demographic Disaster by Jonathan V. Last, Encounter Books, 2013, page 7
  45. “The Real Causes of Famine” by Jeffrey Sach, Time Magazine, 1998 https://www.earth.columbia.edu/sitefiles/file/Sachs%20Writing/1998/Time_1998_TheRealCausesofFamine_10_26_98.pdf
  46. More from Less: The Surprising Story of How We Learned to Prosper Using Fewer Resources by Andrew McAfee, Scribner, 2019
  47. “The Father of the Green Revolution” by Henry I. Miller, Hoover Institution, 2012 https://www.hoover.org/research/father-green-revolution
  48. How Innovation Works by Matt Ridley, 4th Estate, 2020, section “Dwarfing Genes from Japan”
  49. “The Population Bomb Revisited” by Paul R. Ehrlich and Anne H. Ehrlich, The Electronic Journal of Sustainable Development, 2009 http://www.populationmedia.org/wp-content/uploads/2009/07/Population-Bomb-Revisited-Paul-Ehrlich-20096.pdf
  50. “The Swine Flu Panic of 2009” by Philip Bethge et al, Spiegel International, 2010 https://www.spiegel.de/international/world/reconstruction-of-a-mass-hysteria-the-swine-flu-panic-of-2009-a-682613.html
  51. “2009 swine flu pandemic by country”, Wikipedia summary of official reports https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2009_swine_flu_pandemic_by_country
  52. “Director-General Statement following the first meeting of the Emergency Committee”, World Health Organization, 2009 https://www.who.int/news/item/25-04-2009-director-general-statement-following-the-first-meeting-of-the-emergency-committee
  53. “World now at the start of 2009 influenza pandemic” by Margaret Chan, World Health Organization, 2009 https://reliefweb.int/report/world/world-now-start-2009-influenza-pandemic-statement-press-who-director-general-dr
  54. “The Swine Flu Panic of 2009” by Philip Bethge et al, Spiegel International, 2010 https://www.spiegel.de/international/world/reconstruction-of-a-mass-hysteria-the-swine-flu-panic-of-2009-a-682613.html
  55. “Global Estimates of 2009 H1N1 Pandemic Mortality Released by CDC-Led Collaboration”, CDC, 2012 https://www.cdc.gov/flu/spotlights/pandemic-global-estimates.htm
  56. “Interview: Dr. Richard Schabas” by Meagan Fitzpatrick, Canwest News Service, 2009 https://web.archive.org/web/20091214081830/http://www.canada.com/health/interview+richard+schabas/2221030/story.html
  57. “Council of Europe will investigate and debate on ‘Faked Pandemic’” by Wolfgang Wodarg, 2010 https://web.archive.org/web/20100215080904/http://www.wodarg.de/english/2948146.html
  58. “Conflicts of interest and pandemic flu” by Fiona Godlee, BMJ, 2010 http://www.bmj.com/content/340/bmj.c2947.full
  59. “We Go From Hysteria to Hysteria” by Dennis Prager, Real Clear Politics, 2020 https://www.realclearpolitics.com/articles/2020/03/03/we_go_from_hysteria_to_hysteria_142552.html
  60. “Exercise Cygnus uncovered: the pandemic warnings buried by the government” by Paul Nuki and Bill Gardner, Daily Telegraph, 2020 https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2020/03/28/exercise-cygnus-uncovered-pandemic-warnings-buried-government/
  61. “Revealed: the secret report that gave ministers warning of care home coronavirus crisis” by David Pegg, Robert Booth, and David Conn, The Guardian, 2020 https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/may/07/revealed-the-secret-report-that-gave-ministers-warning-of-care-home-coronavirus-crisis
  62. COVID-19: The Pandemic that Never Should Have Happened and How to Stop the Next One by Debora MacKenzie, Hachette Books, 2020
  63. “What were climate scientists predicting in the 1970s?” SkepticalScience https://skepticalscience.com/ice-age-predictions-in-1970s-intermediate.htm
  64. “Newsweek’s ‘Global Cooling’ Article From April 28, 1975” by Peter Gwynne https://www.scribd.com/doc/225798861/Newsweek-s-Global-Cooling-Article-From-April-28-1975
  65. “The Editor’s Desk”, Newsweek, 2007 https://www.newsweek.com/editors-desk-98979
  66. “From Global Cooling to Global Cooling” by Steve Taylor, The View From Mid-America, 2010 http://viewfrommidamerica.blogspot.com/2010/09/from-global-cooling-to-global-cooling.html
  67. “Sorry, a TIME Magazine Cover Did Not Predict a Coming Ice Age” by Bryan Walsh, Time, 2013 https://science.time.com/2013/06/06/sorry-a-time-magazine-cover-did-not-predict-a-coming-ice-age/
  68. “The Myth of the 1970s Global Cooling Scientific Consensus” by Thomas C. Peterson et al, Bulletin of American Meteorological Society, 2008 https://journals.ametsoc.org/bams/article/89/9/1325/59455/THE-MYTH-OF-THE-1970s-GLOBAL-COOLING-SCIENTIFIC
  69. “Reid Bryson: University of Wisconsin Climatologist and Meteorologist”, by Bill Hanley, Mother Earth News, 1976 https://www.motherearthnews.com/nature-and-environment/reid-bryson-zmaz76mazraw
  70. “My 1975 ‘Cooling World’ Story Doesn’t Make Today’s Climate Scientists Wrong” by Peter Gwynne, Inside Science, 2014 https://www.insidescience.org/news/my-1975-cooling-world-story-doesnt-make-todays-climate-scientists-wrong
  71. “Alan Turing to be the face of new £50 note”, Bank of England, 2019 https://www.bankofengland.co.uk/news/2019/july/50-pound-banknote-character-announcement
  72. “This Is Only a Foretaste of What Is To Come, and Only the Shadow of What Is Going To Be”, Quote Investigator, 2019 https://quoteinvestigator.com/2019/10/12/ai-shadow/
  73. “The Turing Digital Archive” http://www.turingarchive.org/browse.php/b/4
  74. “Computing Machinery and Intelligence” by Alan Turing, Mind, 1950 https://www.csee.umbc.edu/courses/471/papers/turing.pdf
  75. “A proposal for the Dartmouth summer research project on Artificial Intelligence” by J. McCarthy et al, August 31, 1955 http://raysolomonoff.com/dartmouth/boxa/dart564props.pdf
  76. “Heuristic Problem Solving: The Next Advance in Operations Research” by Herbert Simon and Allen Newell, Operations Research, 1958 https://pubsonline.informs.org/doi/abs/10.1287/opre.6.1.1
  77. “Allen Newell, 1975” by Hunter Heyck, ACM Awards https://amturing.acm.org/award_winners/newell_3167755.cfm
  78. “Press Release”, The Nobel Prize, 1978 https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/economic-sciences/1978/press-release/
  79. “Chess Championship: Machines Play, People Watch” by Craig Stinson, Softline, January 1982 http://www.cgwmuseum.org/galleries/issues/softline_1.3.pdf
  80. Computer Chess by Monroe Newborn, Academic Press, 1975
  81. Artificial Intelligence: A Modern Approach by Stuart Russell and Peter Norvig, Prentice Hall, 1995
  82. “The Drosophila of AI”, Chess Programming Wiki article about Stephen Coles https://www.chessprogramming.org/L._Stephen_Coles#The_Drosophila_of_AI
  83. “The Mystery of Go, the Ancient Game That Computers Still Can’t Win” by Alan Levinovitz, Wired, 2014 https://www.wired.com/2014/05/the-world-of-computer-go/
  84. “What the AI behind AlphaGo can teach us about being human”, by Cade Metz, Wired, 2016 https://www.wired.com/2016/05/google-alpha-go-ai/
  85. “Mastering Chess and Shogi by Self-Play with a General Reinforcement Learning Algorithm”, David Silver et al, arXiv, 2017 https://arxiv.org/abs/1712.01815
  86. “No plan survives contact with the enemy”, Boot Camp & Military Fitness Institute https://bootcampmilitaryfitnessinstitute.com/military-and-outdoor-fitness-articles/no-plan-survives-contact-with-the-enemy/
  87. “Plans Are Worthless, But Planning Is Everything”, Quote Investigator, 2017 https://quoteinvestigator.com/2017/11/18/planning/
  88. https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=ooFGl74WbXsC&pg=PT209
  89. “The Maginot Line – 11 Fascinating Facts About France’s Great Wall” Military History Now, 2017 https://militaryhistorynow.com/2017/05/07/the-great-wall-of-france-11-remarkable-facts-about-the-maginot-line/
  90. See references quoted in Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_France#Popular_reaction_in_Germany
  91. “Mein Kampf”, Wikiquote https://en.wikiquote.org/wiki/Mein_Kampf
  92. “Stalin’s Intelligence”, by Niall Ferguson, New York Times, 2005 https://www.nytimes.com/2005/06/12/books/arts/stalins-intelligence.html
  93. “The Eastern Front”, The National WW2 Museum https://www.nationalww2museum.org/war/articles/eastern-front
  94. “Fooling Hitler: The Elaborate Ruse Behind D-Day” by Christopher Klein, History Stories, 2014 https://www.history.com/news/fooling-hitler-the-elaborate-ruse-behind-d-day
  95. “Famous Deceptions of World War 2” by Stephanie Huesler, History Undusted, 2014 https://historyundusted.wordpress.com/2014/06/07/famous-deceptions-of-world-war-2/
  96. The Great Illusion by Norman Angell, G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 1910
  97. “World War One: First war was impossible, then inevitable” by Anatole Kaletsky, Reuters, 2014 https://web.archive.org/web/20140701010006/http://blogs.reuters.com/anatole-kaletsky/2014/06/27/world-war-one-first-war-was-impossible-then-inevitable/
  98. Quote included in “A mirror on the crisis” by Hamish McRae, The Independent, 2008 http://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/books/reviews/the-ascent-of-money-by-niall-ferguson-980013.html
  99. “Flight 8969: GIGN’s Greatest Hour” by Mike Perry, SOFREP, 2012 https://sofrep.com/news/flight-8969-gign/
  100. “Swatting Hijackers Away: The Hijacking of Air France 8969 and the GIGN Intervention” by Massimo Catusi and Daniela Tardo, Aviation Security International, 2019 https://www.asi-mag.com/swatting-hijackers-away-the-hijacking-of-air-france-8969-and-the-gign-intervention/
  101. “Operation Bojinka’s bombshell” by Matthew Brzezinski, The Star, 2002 https://web.archive.org/web/20020614124327/http://www.thestar.com/NASApp/cs/ContentServer?pagename=thestar%2FLayout%2FArticle_PrintFriendly&c=Article&cid=1009926464027
  102. “Echoes of ’95 Manila Plot” by Terry McDermott, Los Angeles Times, 2006 https://www.latimes.com/archives/la-xpm-2006-aug-11-na-manila11-story.html
  103. “Yousef bombs Philippines Airlines Flight 434”, Global Security https://web.archive.org/web/20061128034427/https://www.globalsecurity.org/security/profiles/yousef_bombs_philippines_airlines_flight_434.htm
  104. “The Sociology and Psychology of Terrorism: Who Becomes a Terrorist and Why?” by Rex A. Hudson, Library of Congress, 1999 https://www.loc.gov/rr/frd/pdf-files/Soc_Psych_of_Terrorism.pdf
  105. “A Review of the FBI’s Handling of Intelligence Information Prior to the September 11 Attacks, Chapter 3”, Office of the Inspector General, 2004 https://web.archive.org/web/20051205061924/http://www.justice.gov/oig/special/0506/chapter3.htm
  106. “What the CIA knew before 9/11: New details” by Chris Whipple, Politico, 2015 https://www.politico.eu/article/attacks-will-be-spectacular-cia-war-on-terror-bush-bin-laden/
  107. “The Twentieth Hijacker” by Jason Zengerle, New York Magazine, 2011 https://nymag.com/news/9-11/10th-anniversary/twentieth-hijacker/
  108. “The FBI’s Handling of the Phoenix Electronic Communication and Investigation of Zacarias Moussaoui Prior to September 11, 2001” by Eleanor Hill, 2002 https://fas.org/irp/congress/2002_hr/092402hill.html
  109. “Damning evidence highlights FBI bungles” by Jerry Markon and Timothy Dwyer, Washington Post, 2006 https://www.smh.com.au/world/damning-evidence-highlights-fbi-bungles-20060322-gdn7hz.html
  110. “Government Terrorist Trackers Before 9/11: Higher Ups Wouldn’t Listen” by Sean Naylor, History, 2017 https://www.history.com/news/government-terrorist-trackers-before-911-higher-ups-wouldnt-listen
  111. “Traces of Terrorism: The Warnings, F.B.I. Knew for Years About Terror Pilot Training” by Philip Shenon, New York Times, 2002 https://www.nytimes.com/2002/05/18/us/traces-of-terrorism-the-warnings-fbi-knew-for-years-about-terror-pilot-training.html
  112. “Proof that life is getting better for humanity, in 5 charts” by Max Roser, Vox, 2016 https://www.vox.com/the-big-idea/2016/12/23/14062168/history-global-conditions-charts-life-span-poverty
  113. “Global Inequality of Opportunity”, Our World In Data by Max Roser, 2019 https://ourworldindata.org/global-inequality-of-opportunity
  114. “Top 1% net personal wealth share, United Kingdom, 1896-2012”, World Inequality Database, https://wid.world/country/united-kingdom/
  115. “Top 1% net personal wealth share, USA, 1913-2016”, World Inequality Database, https://wid.world/country/usa/
  116. “Trends in income and wealth inequality” by Juliana Menasce Horowitz, Ruth Igielnik, and Rakesh Kochhar, Pew Research Center, 2020 https://www.pewresearch.org/social-trends/2020/01/09/trends-in-income-and-wealth-inequality/
  117. “Statement from the new Prime Minister Theresa May”, 13 July 2016 https://www.gov.uk/government/speeches/statement-from-the-new-prime-minister-theresa-may
  118. “Social care services: funding cuts are biting hard” by Simon Bottery, The Kings Fund, 2020 https://www.kingsfund.org.uk/blog/2020/01/social-care-funding-cuts-are-biting-hard
  119. “‘Deaths of despair’: The deadly epidemic that predated coronavirus” by Roge Karma, Vox, 2020 https://www.vox.com/2020/4/15/21214734/deaths-of-despair-coronavirus-covid-19-angus-deaton-anne-case-americans-deaths
  120. The Precariat: The New Dangerous Class by Guy Standing, Bloomsbury Academic, 2011
  121. “Germanwings crash: Who was co-pilot Andreas Lubitz?”, BBC News, 2017 https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-32072220
  122. “An Accurate Look at Timothy McVeigh’s Beliefs” by Bruce Prescott, Good Faith Media, 2010 https://goodfaithmedia.org/an-accurate-look-at-timothy-mcveighs-beliefs-cms-15532/
  123. “Aum Shinrikyo: The Japanese cult behind the Tokyo Sarin attack”, BBC News, 2018 https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-35975069
  124. “The Next Wave of Extremists Will Be Green” by Jamie Bartlett, Foreign Policy, 2017 https://foreignpolicy.com/2017/09/01/the-green-radicals-are-coming-environmental-extremism/
  125. “Accidental Nuclear War: A Timeline of Close Calls”, Future of Life Institute http://futureoflife.org/background/nuclear-close-calls-a-timeline/
  126. “Mike Pompeo, Trump’s pick for secretary of state, talks about politics as a battle of good and evil”, by Tara Isabella Burton, Vox, 2018 https://www.vox.com/identities/2018/3/15/17117298/mike-pompeo-trump-secretary-of-state-politics-battle-evangelical-holy-war-christian
  127. “Reasons for the increase in emerging and re-emerging viral infectious diseases” by Eric Ka-Wai Hui, Microbes and Infection, 2006 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7110580/
  128. “‘Wet markets’ likely launched the coronavirus. Here’s what you need to know” by Dina Fine Maron, National Geographic, 2020 https://www.nationalgeographic.co.uk/science-and-technology/2020/04/wet-markets-likely-launched-coronavirus-heres-what-you-need-know
  129. “Biologists are trying to make bird flu easier to spread. Can we not?” by Kelsey Piper, Vox, 2019 https://www.vox.com/2019/2/17/18225938/biologists-are-trying-to-make-bird-flu-easier-to-spread-can-we-not
  130. “How smallpox claimed its final victim” by Monica Rimmer, BBC News, 2018 https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-birmingham-45101091
  131. “Threatened pandemics and laboratory escapes: Self-fulfilling prophecies” by Martin Furmanski, Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, 2014 https://thebulletin.org/2014/03/threatened-pandemics-and-laboratory-escapes-self-fulfilling-prophecies/
  132. “How deadly pathogens have escaped the lab – over and over again” by Kelsey Piper, Vox, 2019 https://www.vox.com/future-perfect/2019/3/20/18260669/deadly-pathogens-escape-lab-smallpox-bird-flu
  133. “Taiwan’s new SARS case raises questions about sloppy procedures” USA Today, 2003 http://usatoday30.usatoday.com/news/health/2003-12-17-singapore-sars_x.htm
  134. “How a Cult Used Salad Bars to Orchestrate the Worst Bioterror Attack in US History” by Mayukh Sen, Vice, 2018 https://www.vice.com/en_us/article/kzp4n9/wild-wild-country-netflix-salad-bar-bioterror-attack
  135. “Bacillus anthracis Bioterrorism Incident, Kameido, Tokyo, 1993”, by Hiroshi Takahashi et al, Emerging Infectious Diseases, 2004 https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/10/1/03-0238_article
  136. “How North Korea got away with the assassination of Kim Jong-nam” by Hannah Ellis-Petersen and Benjamin Haas, The Guardian, 2019 https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/apr/01/how-north-korea-got-away-with-the-assassination-of-kim-jong-nam
  137. Cyber Wars: Hacks that Shocked the Business World by Charles Arthur, Kogan Page, 2018
  138. “WH: Kim Jong Un behind massive WannaCry malware attack” by Joe Uchill, The Hill, 2017 https://thehill.com/policy/cybersecurity/365580-wh-kim-jong-un-ordered-release-of-disastrous-wannacry-malware
  139. “U.S. to give ransomware hacks similar priority as terrorism” by Christopher Bing, Reuters, 2021 https://www.reuters.com/technology/exclusive-us-give-ransomware-hacks-similar-priority-terrorism-official-says-2021-06-03/
  140. Countdown to Zero Day: Stuxnet and the Launch of the World’s First Digital Weapon by Kim Zetter, Crown, 2014
  141. “The inside story of the biggest hack in history” by Jose Pagliery, CNN Business, 2015 https://money.cnn.com/2015/08/05/technology/aramco-hack/index.html
  142. “Sony Cyberattack, First a Nuisance, Swiftly Grew Into a Firestorm” by Michael Cieply and Brooks Barnes, New York Times, 2014 https://www.nytimes.com/2014/12/31/business/media/sony-attack-first-a-nuisance-swiftly-grew-into-a-firestorm-.html
  143. “More deaths linked to Ashley Madison hack as scammers move in” by Iain Thomson, The Register, 2015 https://www.theregister.com/2015/08/24/death_toll_ashley_madison/
  144. “Equifax data breach FAQ: What happened, who was affected, what was the impact?” by Josh Fruhlinger, CSO, 2020 https://www.csoonline.com/article/3444488/equifax-data-breach-faq-what-happened-who-was-affected-what-was-the-impact.html
  145. “A new data leak hits Aadhaar, India’s national ID database” by Zack Whittaker, ZDNet, 2018 https://www.zdnet.com/article/another-data-leak-hits-india-aadhaar-biometric-database/
  146. “When cyberwar struck its first civilian target” by Brian Nussbaum, Nature, 2019 https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-019-03457-9
  147. Dawn of the Code War: America’s Battle Against Russia, China, and the Rising Global Cyber Threat by John P. Carlin and Garrett M. Graff, Public Affairs, 2018
  148. “Venezuela data offer rare glimpse of economic chaos” by Gideon Long, Financial Times, 2019 https://www.ft.com/content/5cb83c1c-821b-11e9-b592-5fe435b57a3b
  149. “IMF sees Venezuela inflation at 10 million percent in 2019”, Reuters, 2018 https://in.reuters.com/article/venezuela-economy-idINKCN1MJ1YX
  150. “On the Measurement of Zimbabwe’s Hyperinflation” by Steve H. Hanke and Alex Kwok, Cato Journal, 2009 https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2264895
  151. This Time Is Different: Eight Centuries of Financial Folly by Carmen Reinhart and Kenneth Rogoff, Princeton University Press, 2009
  152. “1927-1933 Chart of Pompous Prognosticators” by Colin J. Seymour, Gold-Eagle, 2001 http://www.gold-eagle.com/article/1927-1933-chart-pompous-prognosticators
  153. “The Mississippi Bubble of 1718-1720” by Jesse Colombo, The Bubble Bubble, 2012 https://web.archive.org/web/20120623001540/http://www.thebubblebubble.com/mississippi-bubble/
  154. “The Plot Between Ignorance and Arrogance” by Catherine Rampell, New York Times, 2009 https://economix.blogs.nytimes.com/2009/09/30/the-plot-between-ignorance-and-arrogance/
  155. “1929 Stock Market Crash: Did Panicked Investors Really Jump From Windows?” by Christopher Klein, History, 2019 https://www.history.com/news/stock-market-crash-suicides-wall-street-1929-great-depression
  156. “Macroeconomic Priorities” by Robert Lucas, The American Economic Review, 2003 http://pages.stern.nyu.edu/~dbackus/Taxes/Lucas%20priorities%20AER%2003.pdf
  157. “Global economy can withstand U.S. downturn, IMF says”, New York Times, 2007 https://www.nytimes.com/2007/04/11/business/worldbusiness/11iht-imf.4.5239924.html
  158. “GDP Growth (annual %)”, The World Bank https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GDP.MKTP.KD.ZG?end=2019&start=1961&view=chart
  159. “The economic forecasters’ failing vision” by Chris Giles, Financial Times, 2008 https://www.ft.com/content/50007754-ca35-11dd-93e5-000077b07658
  160. “The 2008 recession 10 years on”, The Office of National Statistics, 2018 https://www.ons.gov.uk/economy/grossdomesticproductgdp/articles/the2008recession10yearson/2018-04-30
  161. “The euro could be nearing a crisis – can it be saved?” by Joseph Stiglitz, The Guardian, 2018 https://www.theguardian.com/business/2018/jun/13/euro-growth-eurozone-joseph-stiglitz
  162. “Lord King says UK ‘fortunate’ as he savages eurozone as huge ‘threat to EU stability’” by Svar Nanan-Sen, Daily Express, 2020 https://www.express.co.uk/news/uk/1281153/Brexit-News-EU-monetary-union-Germany-banks-Lord-Mervyn-King-latest-update
  163. “Disintegration of the eurozone has begun. Austerity will be worse than in 2011” by Hugo Neutel, TSF, 2020 https://www.tsf.pt/portugal/economia/disintegration-of-the-eurozone-has-begun-austerity-will-be-worse-than-in-2011-12080552.html
  164. Can We Avoid Another Financial Crisis? (The Future of Capitalism) by Steve Keen, Polity Press, 2017
  165. “Private debt hyperinflations and the prospect of renewed crisis” by Geoff Tily, Prime Economics, 2018 http://www.primeeconomics.org/articles/private-debt-hyperinflations-and-the-prospect-of-renewed-crisis
  166. “China’s Debt Bomb” by Enda Curran, Bloomberg, 2018 https://www.bloomberg.com/quicktake/chinas-debt-bomb
  167. “China’s banking debt crisis is a ticking time bomb that must be defused with urgent financial-sector reforms” by Hans Yue Zhu, South China Morning Post, 2020 https://www.scmp.com/comment/opinion/article/3044148/chinas-banking-debt-crisis-ticking-time-bomb-must-be-defused-urgent
  168. “Flash Crash – Don’t Fall for Market ‘Spoofers’” by Ted Bauman, Value Walk, 2017 https://www.valuewalk.com/2017/05/flash-crash-dont-fall-for-market-spoofers/
  169. “The Coming Cryptocurrency Crash” by Robert C. Wolcott, Forbes, 2017 https://www.forbes.com/sites/robertwolcott/2017/07/07/the-coming-cryptocurrency-crash-and-why-its-a-good-thing/
  170. “The Historical Impact of Epidemic Typhus” by Joseph M. Conlon, https://www.montana.edu/historybug/documents/TYPHUS-Conlon.pdf
  171. “Who was Anne Frank?”, Anne Frank House https://www.annefrank.org/en/anne-frank/who-was-anne-frank/
  172. “The Truth About DDT and Silent Spring” by Robert Zubrin, The New Atlantis, 2012 https://www.thenewatlantis.com/publications/the-truth-about-ddt-and-silent-spring
  173. “Paul Müller Facts”, The Nobel Prize https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/medicine/1948/muller/facts/
  174. “Earth Day Reflections, Land Indicator: Protected Land” by Berks Nature, BCTV, 2020 https://www.bctv.org/2020/04/29/earth-day-reflections-land-indicator-protected-land/
  175. “The Case of the Thinning Eggshells” by Matthew Wills, JSTOR Daily, 2019 https://daily.jstor.org/the-case-of-the-thinning-eggshells/
  176. “DDT Linked to Abnormal Sperm” by Brian Bienkowski, Scientific American, 2015 https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/ddt-linked-to-abnormal-sperm1/
  177. “Study Links DDT Residues to Early Miscarriages” Harvard School of Public Health, 2005 http://archive.sph.harvard.edu/press-releases/archives/2005-releases/press09142005.html
  178. “Cancer Risk Lingers for Long-Banned DDT” by Kelli Miller, WebMD, 2008 https://www.webmd.com/men/news/20080428/cancer-risk-lingers-for-long-banned-ddt
  179. “DDT exposure tied to breast cancer risk for all women through age 54”, Science Daily, 2019 https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/02/190213124347.htm
  180. “Chlorofluorocarbons and Ozone Depletion”, American Chemical Society, 2017 https://www.acs.org/content/acs/en/education/whatischemistry/landmarks/cfcs-ozone.html
  181. “James Lovelock” by Philip Ball, Prospect, 2000 https://www.prospectmagazine.co.uk/magazine/jameslovelock
  182. “The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1995” https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/chemistry/1995/summary/
  183. “Large losses of total ozone in Antarctica reveal seasonal ClOx/NOx interaction” by J. C. Farman, B. G. Gardiner, and J. D. Shanklin, Nature, 1985 https://www.nature.com/articles/315207a0
  184. “Joe Farman obituary” by Fiona Harvey, The Guardian, 2013 https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2013/may/16/joe-farman
  185. “Opinion: Montreal Protocol on CFCs holds lessons for climate action” by Sébastien Jodoin and Hamish van der Ven, Montreal Gazette, 2017 https://montrealgazette.com/opinion/opinion-montreal-protocol-on-cfcs-holds-lessons-for-climate-action
  186. “There’s money in the air: the CFC ban and DuPont’s regulatory strategy” by James Maxwell and Forrest Briscoe, Business Strategy and the Environment, 1997 https://eng.ucmerced.edu/people/awesterling/SPR2014.ESS141/Assignments/DuPont
  187. “Microplastics in freshwater and soil”, The Royal Society, 2019 https://royalsociety.org/topics-policy/projects/microplastics-in-freshwater-and-soils/
  188. “A scientific perspective on microplastics in nature and society”, Science Advice for Policy by European Academies, 2019 https://www.sapea.info/topics/microplastics/
  189. “Baby fish have started eating plastic. We haven’t yet seen the consequences” by Laura Parker, National Geographic, 2019 https://www.nationalgeographic.com/magazine/2019/05/microplastics-impact-on-fish-shown-in-pictures/
  190. “Microplastics in the soil environment: Occurrence, risks, interactions and fate – A review” by Baile Xu et al, Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology, 2019 https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/10643389.2019.1694822
  191. “Planetary Boundaries – an update”, Stockholm Resilience Centre, 2015 https://www.stockholmresilience.org/research/research-news/2015-01-15-planetary-boundaries—an-update.html
  192. “Scientists Say Planetary Boundaries Crossed”, United Nations Climate Change, 2015 https://unfccc.int/news/scientists-say-planetary-boundaries-crossed
  193. Climate Change: The Facts 2017 edited by Jennifer Marohasy, Connor Court Publishing, 2017
  194. False Alarm: How Climate Change Panic Costs Us Trillions, Hurts the Poor, and Fails to Fix the Planet by Bjorn Lomborg, Basic Books, 2020
  195. “Climate emergency: world ‘may have crossed tipping points’” by Damian Carrington, The Guardian, 2019 https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2019/nov/27/climate-emergency-world-may-have-crossed-tipping-points
  196. The Uninhabitable Earth: Life After Warming by David Wallace-Wells, Tim Duggan Books, 2019
  197. Requiem for a Species: Why We Resist the Truth about Climate Change by Clive Hamilton, Earthscan Publications, 2010
  198. “Climate tipping points – too risky to bet against” by Timothy M. Lenton et al, Nature, 2019 https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-019-03595-0
  199. “Past perspectives on the present era of abrupt Arctic climate change” by Eystein Jansen et al, Nature Climate Change, 2020 https://www.researchgate.net/publication/343298299_Past_perspectives_on_the_present_era_of_abrupt_Arctic_climate_change
  200. Under a Green Sky: Global Warming, the Mass Extinctions of the Past, and What They Can Tell Us About Our Future by Peter Ward, Smithsonian, 2007
  201. The Ends of the World: Volcanic Apocalypses, Lethal Oceans and Our Quest to Understand Earth’s Past Mass Extinctions by Peter Brannen, Harper Collins, 2017
  202. “How Understanding What Killed The Dinosaurs Can Help Us Prepare For Climate Change”, High Plains Public Radio, 2017 https://www.hppr.org/post/how-understanding-what-killed-dinosaurs-can-help-us-prepare-climate-change
  203. “Who Should We Fear More: Biohackers, Disgruntled Postdocs, or Bad Governments? A Simple Risk Chain Model of Biorisk” by Anders Sandberg and Cassidy Nelson, Health Security, 2020 https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/pdfplus/10.1089/hs.2019.0115
  204. The Formation Of National States In Western Europe edited by Charles Tilly, Princeton University Press, 1975
  205. “Rwanda genocide: 100 days of slaughter”, BBC News, 2019 https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-26875506
  206. “A Century After Armenian Genocide, Turkey’s Denial Only Deepens” by Tim Arango, New York Times, 2015 https://www.nytimes.com/2015/04/17/world/europe/turkeys-century-of-denial-about-an-armenian-genocide.html
  207. “Khmer Rouge: Cambodia’s years of brutality”, BBC News, 2018 https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-pacific-10684399
  208. “World War II: The Holocaust” by Alan Taylor, The Atlantic, 2011 https://www.theatlantic.com/photo/2011/10/world-war-ii-the-holocaust/100170/
  209. “Holodomor: The Ukrainian Genocide”, University of Minnesota Holocaust and Genocide Studies https://cla.umn.edu/chgs/holocaust-genocide-education/resource-guides/holodomor
  210. “Mao’s Great Leap Forward ‘killed 45 million in four years’” by Arifa Akbar, The Independent, 2011 https://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/books/news/maos-great-leap-forward-killed-45-million-in-four-years-2081630.html
  211. “Who Killed More: Hitler, Stalin, or Mao?” by Ian Johnson, New York Review of Books, 2018 https://www.nybooks.com/daily/2018/02/05/who-killed-more-hitler-stalin-or-mao/
  212. “Lord Acton Quote Archive”, Acton Institute https://www.acton.org/research/lord-acton-quote-archive
  213. “Report: Global Satisfaction with Democracy 2020” by RS Foa et al, Bennett Institute for Public Policy, 2020 https://www.bennettinstitute.cam.ac.uk/media/uploads/files/DemocracyReport2020.pdf
  214. How Markets Fail: The Logic of Economic Calamities by John Cassidy, Farrar Straus & Giroux, 2009
  215. “Transcript of Bayer CEO Marjin Dekkers quote at the December 3, 2013 FT Event” by Claire Cassedy, Knowledge Ecology International, 2014 https://www.keionline.org/22414
  216. “About DNDi” https://dndi.org/about/
  217. An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, 1776
  218. “Greenspan – I was wrong about the economy. Sort of” by Andrew Clark and Jill Treanor, The Guardian, 2008 https://www.theguardian.com/business/2008/oct/24/economics-creditcrunch-federal-reserve-greenspan
  219. Adam Smith: What He Thought, and Why it Matters by Jesse Norman, Allen Lane, 2018
  220. “Financial Secretary to the Treasury”, UK Government https://www.gov.uk/government/ministers/financial-secretary-to-the-treasury
  221. Adam Smith: What He Thought, and Why it Matters, Penguin https://www.penguin.co.uk/books/307560/adam-smith/9780141987118.html
  222. “Launch Presentation, 30th October 2006” by Sir Nicholas Stern, HM Treasury, 2006 https://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/20100407173721/http://www.hm-treasury.gov.uk/d/stern_speakingnotes.pdf
  223. “Stern Review on the Economics of Climate Change”, HM Treasury, 2006 https://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/20100407173719/http://www.hm-treasury.gov.uk/sternreview_index.htm
  224. “The Economics of Healthcare” by N. Gregory Mankiw, Harvard University, 2017 https://scholar.harvard.edu/mankiw/publications/economics-healthcare
  225. “U.S. Health Care from a Global Perspective, 2019: Higher Spending, Worse Outcomes?” by Roosa Tikkanen and Melinda K. Abrams, The Commonwealth Fund, 2020 https://www.commonwealthfund.org/publications/issue-briefs/2020/jan/us-health-care-global-perspective-2019
  226. “Eisenhower’s Farewell Address to the Nation”, Marquette University, 1961 http://mcadams.posc.mu.edu/ike.htm
  227. Republic of Lies: American Conspiracy Theorists and Their Surprising Rise to Power by Anna Merlan, Metropolitan Books, 2019
  228. “X Prize Founder Peter Diamandis Has His Eyes on the Future” by Ted Greenwald, Wired, 2012 https://www.wired.com/2012/06/mf-icons-diamandis/
  229. “A Genocide Incited on Facebook, With Posts From Myanmar’s Military” by Paul Mozur, New York Times, 2018 https://www.nytimes.com/2018/10/15/technology/myanmar-facebook-genocide.html
  230. “Assessing Russian Activities and Intentions in Recent US Elections”, National Intelligence Council, 2017 https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Assessing_Russian_Activities_and_Intentions_in_Recent_US_Elections
  231. “Here’s Everything The Mueller Report Says About How Russian Trolls Used Social Media” by Ryan Broderick, BuzzFeed News, 2019 https://www.buzzfeednews.com/article/ryanhatesthis/mueller-report-internet-research-agency-detailed-2016
  232. “Political Lying” by Jonathan Swift http://www.bartleby.com/209/633.html
  233. “‘I think the people of this country have had enough of experts’” by Richard Portes, London Business School, 2017 https://www.london.edu/think/who-needs-experts
  234. “How to Destroy Surveillance Capitalism” by Cory Doctorow, OneZero, 2020 https://onezero.medium.com/how-to-destroy-surveillance-capitalism-8135e6744d59
  235. “The Truth About Tonkin” by Lieutenant Commander Pat Paterson, Naval History Magazine, 2008 https://www.usni.org/magazines/naval-history-magazine/2008/february/truth-about-tonkin
  236. “How a False Flag Sparked World War Two: The Gleiwitz Incident Explained” by Cassie Pope, History Hit, 2018 https://www.historyhit.com/gleiwitz-incident-explained/
  237. “When Continental Drift Was Considered Pseudoscience” by Richard Conniff, Smithsonian Museum, 2012 https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/when-continental-drift-was-considered-pseudoscience-90353214/
  238. “‘Einstein: His Life and Universe’ by Walter Isaacson” by Len Barcousky, Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, 2007 https://www.post-gazette.com/ae/book-reviews/2007/04/20/Einstein-His-Life-and-Universe-by-Walter-Isaacson/stories/200704200408
  239. “The Doctor Who Drank Infectious Broth, Gave Himself an Ulcer, and Solved a Medical Mystery” by Pamela Weintraub, Discover, 2010 https://www.discovermagazine.com/health/the-doctor-who-drank-infectious-broth-gave-himself-an-ulcer-and-solved-a-medical-mystery
  240. “Opium of the people”, Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Opium_of_the_people
  241. “Conspiracy theories as part of history: The role of societal crisis situations” by Jan-Willem van Prooijen and Karen Douglas, Memory Studies, 2017 https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1750698017701615
  242. “Conspiracy Theory Entrepreneurs, Movements and Individuals” by Jaron Harambam, Taylor & Francis Group, 2020 https://www.taylorfrancis.com/books/e/9780429452734/chapters/10.4324/9780429452734-3_2
  243. “Master of false news gives right-wing Americans headlines they believe”, Agence France-Presse, 2020 https://www.france24.com/en/20200216-master-of-false-news-gives-right-wing-americans-headlines-they-believe
  244. “Conspiracy theories are dangerous – here’s how to crush them” interview with Nancy Rosenblum and Russell Muirhead, The Economist, 2019 https://www.economist.com/open-future/2019/08/12/conspiracy-theories-are-dangerous-heres-how-to-crush-them
  245. “The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) and the Anti-Apartheid Struggle”, South Africa History Online https://sahistory.org.za/article/union-soviet-socialist-republics-ussr-and-anti-apartheid-struggle
  246. “Over Where? Cuban Fighters in Angola’s Civil War” by Ron Soodalter, History Net, 2016 https://www.historynet.com/cuban-fighters-angolas-civil-war.htm
  247. “Dictatorships and Double Standards” by Charles Krauthammer, CNN Inside Politics, 2002 https://edition.cnn.com/2002/ALLPOLITICS/09/16/time.standards/index.html
  248. The End of History and the Last Man by Francis Fukuyama, Free Press, 1992
  249. “Foreign Affairs Big Mac I” by Thomas Friedman, New York Times, 1996 https://www.nytimes.com/1996/12/08/opinion/foreign-affairs-big-mac-i.html
  250. The World Is Flat: A Brief History of the Twenty-first Century by Thomas Friedman, Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2005
  251. “Have Two McDonald’s-Containing Countries Ever Been at War with Each Other?” by Alex Kasprak, Snopes, 2018 https://www.snopes.com/fact-check/mcdonalds-countries-war/
  252. “‘Whoever leads in AI will rule the world’: Putin to Russian children on Knowledge Day”, RT, 2017 https://www.rt.com/news/401731-ai-rule-world-putin/
  253. “‘Fundamental Existential Threat’: Lawmakers Warned of the Risks of Killer Robots” by Julia Conley, Common Dreams, 2017 https://www.commondreams.org/news/2017/07/19/fundamental-existential-threat-lawmakers-warned-risks-killer-robots
  254. “Life expectancy gap between rich and poor in England widens” by Gareth Iacobucci, BMJ, 2019 https://www.bmj.com/content/364/bmj.l1492.full
  255. “Is inequality about to get unimaginably worse?” by Yuval Noah Harari, BBC News, 2017 https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-39706765
  256. “Costs for orally administered cancer drugs skyrocket”, Science Daily, 2016 https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/04/160428132130.htm
  257. “Expenditures and Prices of Antihyperglycemic Medications in the United States: 2002-2013” by Xinyang Hua et al, JAMA, 2016 https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/2510902
  258. “What does the Bible say about Geocentrism”, OpenBible https://www.openbible.info/topics/geocentrism
  259. “Pareidolia: Why we see faces in hills, the Moon and toasties” by Lauren Everitt, BBC News, 2013 https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/magazine-22686500
  260. “Exploring the natural foundations of religion” by Justin Barrett, Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 2000 http://behavioralhealth2000.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/12/Exploring-the-natural-foundations-of-religion.pdf
  261. Religion Explained: The Evolutionary Origins of Religious Thought by Pascal Boyer, Basic Books, 2001
  262. “Evolution’s Sweet Tooth” by Daniel E. Lieberman, New York Times, 2012 https://www.nytimes.com/2012/06/06/opinion/evolutions-sweet-tooth.html
  263. “Obesity and overweight”, World Health Organisation, 2020 https://www.who.int/en/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/obesity-and-overweight
  264. “From Diabetes to Athlete’s Foot, Our Bodies Are Maladapted for Modern Life” by Jeff Wheelwright, Discover Magazine, 2015 https://www.discovermagazine.com/the-sciences/from-diabetes-to-athletes-foot-our-bodies-are-maladapted-for-modern-life
  265. “The Evolution of Cognitive Bias” by Martie G. Haselton, Daniel Nettle, and Damian R. Murray, The Handbook of Evolutionary Psychology, 2015 https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/9781119125563.evpsych241
  266. “List of Cognitive Biases”, Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_cognitive_biases
  267. “The Cognitive Biases Tricking Your Brain” by Ben Yagoda, The Atlantic, 2018 https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2018/09/cognitive-bias/565775/
  268. “Drowning”, World Health Organization, 2021 https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/drowning
  269. “Road traffic injuries”, World Health Organization, 2020 https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/road-traffic-injuries
  270. Crossing the Chasm: Marketing and Selling High-Tech Products to Mainstream Customers by Geoffrey Moore, Harper Collins, 1991
  271. “Father of the cell phone”, The Economist, 2009 https://www.economist.com/technology-quarterly/2009/06/06/father-of-the-cell-phone
  272. “Moore’s Law: Transistors per microprocessor”, Our World In Data, 2017 https://ourworldindata.org/grapher/transistors-per-microprocessor
  273. “Cooper’s Law”, ArrayComm, 2019 https://web.archive.org/web/20200921033012/http://www.arraycomm.com/technology/coopers-law
  274. “De Méré’s paradox and the birth of probability theory” by Peter Mander, Carnot Cycle, 2018 https://carnotcycle.wordpress.com/2018/07/02/de-meres-paradox-and-the-birth-of-probability-theory/
  275. “A formula for justice” by Angela Saini, The Guardian, 2011 https://www.theguardian.com/law/2011/oct/02/formula-justice-bayes-theorem-miscarriage
  276. “Improve statistics in court” by Norman Fenton, Nature, 2011 https://www.nature.com/articles/479036a
  277. “How Statisticians Found Air France Flight 447 Two Years After It Crashed Into Atlantic”, MIT Technology Review, 2014 https://www.technologyreview.com/2014/05/27/13283/how-statisticians-found-air-france-flight-447-two-years-after-it-crashed-into-atlantic/
  278. “Man Vs Maths and a Ship Filled with Gold” by Timothy Revell, The Gist, 2016 https://the-gist.org/2016/09/man-vs-maths-and-a-ship-filled-with-gold/
  279. “Bayesian Search for Missing Aircraft” by Lawrence Stone, Metron Scientific Solutions, 2017 https://www.nps.edu/documents/103424533/106018074/Bayes+Search+for+Missing+Aircraft+NPS+20+Apr+2017.pdf
  280. “How the Korean War Almost Went Nuclear” by Carl A. Posey, Air & Space Magazine, 2015 https://www.airspacemag.com/military-aviation/how-korean-war-almost-went-nuclear-180955324/
  281. “The Doomsday Clock: A timeline of conflict, culture, and change”, Bulletin of Atomic Scientists https://thebulletin.org/doomsday-clock/past-statements/
  282. “Who will win the presidency?” FiveThirtyEight, 2016 https://projects.fivethirtyeight.com/2016-election-forecast/
  283. “The Real Story Of 2016” by Nate Silver, FiveThirtyEight, 2017 https://fivethirtyeight.com/features/the-real-story-of-2016/
  284. “Why FiveThirtyEight Gave Trump A Better Chance Than Almost Anyone Else” by Nate Silver, FiveThirtyEight, 2016 https://fivethirtyeight.com/features/why-fivethirtyeight-gave-trump-a-better-chance-than-almost-anyone-else/
  285. “The trouble with overconfidence” by Don A. Moore, & Paul J. Healy, Psychological Review, 2008 https://web.archive.org/web/20141106041057/http://repository.cmu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1340&context=tepper
  286. “Overconfidence, Overoptimism, Halo Effect, and Anchoring” by Lee Merkhofer http://www.prioritysystem.com/reasons1ba.html
  287. “Are we less risky and more skillful than our fellow drivers?” by Ola Svenson, Acta Psychologica, 1981 https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/0001691881900056
  288. The (Honest) Truth About Dishonesty: How We Lie to Everyone – Especially Ourselves by Dan Ariely, Harper Collins, 2012
  289. “The evolutionary logic of overconfidence” by Max Beilby, Darwinian Business, 2019 https://darwinianbusiness.com/2019/10/12/the-evolutionary-logic-of-overconfidence/
  290. “The evolution of overconfidence” by Dominic Johnson and James Fowler, Nature, 2011 http://fowler.ucsd.edu/evolution_of_overconfidence.pdf
  291. “Queen Elizabeth’s finest hour” by Indira Rajaraman, Business Standard, 2012 https://www.business-standard.com/article/opinion/indira-rajaraman-queen-elizabeth-s-finest-hour-112062600065_1.html
  292. “Upton Sinclair” https://en.wikiquote.org/wiki/Upton_Sinclair
  293. “What we have learned 10 years after Chuck Prince told Wall St to keep dancing” by David Wighton, Financial News London, 2017 https://www.fnlondon.com/articles/chuck-princes-dancing-quote-what-we-have-learned-10-years-on-20170714
  294. “This is how we let the credit crunch happen, Ma’am” by Heather Stewart, The Guardian, 2009 https://www.theguardian.com/uk/2009/jul/26/monarchy-credit-crunch
  295. “68–95–99.7 rule”, Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/68%E2%80%9395%E2%80%9399.7_rule
  296. “Goldman pays the price of being big” by Peter Thal Larsen, Financial Times, 2007 https://www.ft.com/content/d2121cb6-49cb-11dc-9ffe-0000779fd2ac
  297. “A Black Swan in the Money Market” by John B. Taylor and John C. Williams, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco Working Paper, 2008 https://www.frbsf.org/economic-research/files/wp08-04bk.pdf
  298. “The dangerous disregard for fat tails in quantitative finance”, Systematic Risk and Systematic Value, 2018 https://www.sr-sv.com/the-dangerous-disregard-of-fat-tails-in-quantitative-finance/
  299. “Biosecurity Vulnerabilities in Crop Monocultures” by Sam Raasch, Propagate Research, 2017 https://www.propagate.org/research/2017/9/4/biosecurity-vulnerabilities-in-crop-monocultures
  300. “Employment in Agriculture” by Max Roser, Our World In Data, https://ourworldindata.org/employment-in-agriculture
  301. “Demographic history of the United States”, Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Demographic_history_of_the_United_States
  302. “Employment in agriculture”, The World Bank, 2020 https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SL.AGR.EMPL.ZS
  303. “Anomalies: The Winner’s Curse” by Richard H. Thaler, Journal of Economic Perspectives, 1988 https://www.researchgate.net/publication/4719439_Anomalies_The_Winner%27s_Curse
  304. “What a ‘Lemon’ Product Is, and How to Avoid Purchasing One” by Barclay Palmer, Investopedia, 2019 https://www.investopedia.com/articles/pf/11/solutions-to-lemon-problem.asp
  305. “Writing the ‘The Market for “Lemons”’: A Personal Interpretive Essay” by George A. Akerlof, The Nobel Prize, 2001 https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/economic-sciences/2001/akerlof/article/
  306. “How Infection Shaped History: Lessons from the Irish Famine” by William G. Powderly, Transactions of the American Clinical and Climatological Association, 2019 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6735970/
  307. “The Curious Case of Phineas Gage and Others Like Him” by Margarita Tartakovsky, Psych Central, 2018 https://psychcentral.com/blog/the-curious-case-of-phineas-gage-and-others-like-him/
  308. “Rambler #134” by Samuel Johnson, 1751 https://www.samueljohnson.com/ram134.html
  309. “Works and Days” by Hesiod http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus:abo:tlg,0020,002:410
  310. “The Tyranny of Procrastination: On the origins, mechanics, and defeat of our least favorite trait” by Taylor Mitchell Brown, Medium, 2018 https://medium.com/s/story/the-tyranny-of-procrastination-cfe58511cc22
  311. As in The Ministry for the Future by Kim Stanley Robinson, Orbit, 2020
  312. “What is GAAP?”, Corporate Finance Institute https://corporatefinanceinstitute.com/resources/knowledge/accounting/gaap/
  313. “Are you ready for these 4 major changes to the accounting rules?”, Baker Tilly, 2017 https://www.bakertilly.com/insights/are-you-ready-for-these-4-major-changes-to-the-accounting-rules
  314. “The Golden Rule: Treat Others the Way You Want to Be Treated”, Effectiviology https://effectiviology.com/golden-rule/
  315. Leviticus 19:18
  316. Exodus 21:20-21
  317. “Measuring the Value of Slaves and Free Persons in Ancient Law” by James Lindgren, Chicago-Kent Law Review, 1995 https://scholarship.kentlaw.iit.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=3017&context=cklawreview
  318. “Boney M. – Rivers Of Babylon Lyrics”, Metrolyrics https://www.metrolyrics.com/rivers-of-babylon-lyrics-boney-m.html
  319. “Did God command genocide in the Bible?” by Jonathan Merritt, Religion News Service, 2015 https://religionnews.com/2015/01/12/god-command-genocide-bible/
  320. “The Columbian Exchange: A History of Disease, Food, and Ideas” by Nathan Nunn and Nancy Qian, Journal of Economic Perspectives, 2010 https://www.kellogg.northwestern.edu/faculty/qian/resources/NunnQianJEP.pdf
  321. “The Behavioral Immune System Shapes Political Intuitions” by Lene Aarøe, Michael Bang Petersen, and Kevin Arceneaux, American Political Science Review, 2017 https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/american-political-science-review/article/behavioral-immune-system-shapes-political-intuitions-why-and-how-individual-differences-in-disgust-sensitivity-underlie-opposition-to-immigration/AB22952FCB7F270E0D296378D2E330C7
  322. “The Tragedy of the Commons” by Garrett Hardin, Science, 1968 https://science.sciencemag.org/content/sci/162/3859/1243.full.pdf
  323. “Leviathan Chapter 13: Of the natural condition of mankind as concerning their felicity and misery” by Thomas Hobbes, 1651 http://studymore.org.uk/xhob13.htm
  324. “Leviathan Chapter 17: Of the Causes, Generation, and Definition of a Commonwealth” by Thomas Hobbes, 1651 http://studymore.org.uk/xhob17.htm
  325. The Narrow Corridor: States, Societies, and the Fate of Liberty by Daron Acemoglu and James A. Robinson, Penguin Books, 2019
  326. “The scientific background of the International Sanitary Conferences, 1851-1938” by Norman Howard-Jones, World Health Organization, 1975 https://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/62873/14549_eng.pdf
  327. COVID-19: The Pandemic that Never Should Have Happened and How to Stop the Next One by Debora MacKenzie, Hatchette Books, 2020
  328. “Lodge Reservations”, Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lodge_Reservations
  329. “Palestine and the Fate of the UN” by Lawrence Davidson, Counterpunch, 2010 https://www.counterpunch.org/2010/11/15/palestine-and-the-fate-of-the-un/
  330. “It Takes A Village To Determine The Origins Of An African Proverb” by Joel Goldberg, NPR, 2016 https://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2016/07/30/487925796/it-takes-a-village-to-determine-the-origins-of-an-african-proverb
  331. Unweaving the Rainbow: Science, Delusion and the Appetite for Wonder by Richard Dawkins, Houghton Mifflin, 1998
  332. “How the Science of ‘Blue Lies’ May Explain Trump’s Support” by Jeremy Adam Smith, Scientific American, 2017 https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/guest-blog/how-the-science-of-blue-lies-may-explain-trumps-support/
  333. “Does This Photograph Document Mike Pence’s ‘Gay Past’?” by Dan Evon, Snopes, 2016 http://www.snopes.com/mike-pences-gay-past/
  334. Red Teaming: Transform Your Business by Thinking Like the Enemy by Bryce G. Hoffman, Piatkus, 2017
  335. “CEO Forum: Microsoft’s Ballmer having a ‘great time’” by David Lieberman, USA Today, 2007 http://usatoday30.usatoday.com/money/companies/management/2007-04-29-ballmer-ceo-forum-usat_N.htm
  336. “What People Don’t Understand About Steve Ballmer” by Matt Rosoff, Business Insider, 2011 https://www.businessinsider.com/what-people-dont-understand-about-steve-ballmer-2011-1
  337. “IDC: Mobile Phone Market Q2 2012 – Samsung, Apple top Smartphone vendors by shipments” by Srivatsan Sridhar, Fone Arena, 2012 https://www.fonearena.com/blog/52728/idc-mobile-phone-market-q2-2012-samsung-apple-top-smartphone-vendors-by-shipments.html
  338. “Mobile Vendor Market Share Worldwide, Jan – Dec 2017”, Stat Counter https://gs.statcounter.com/vendor-market-share/mobile/worldwide/2017
  339. “Windows 10 Mobile gets its final death sentence” by Claire Reilly, CNET, 2017 https://www.cnet.com/news/windows-10-mobile-features-hardware-death-sentence-microsoft/
  340. “Bill Gates ditches Windows Phone for Android” by Jessica Dolcourt, CNET, 2017 https://www.cnet.com/news/bill-gates-uses-android-phone/
  341. “Smartphones and Beyond: Lessons from the remarkable rise and fall of Symbian” by David Wood, 2014 https://smartphonesandbeyond.com/
  342. “Time Travel Tuesday: Nokia N95 vs iPhone (Crickey, the N95 was sooo good!)” by Jay Montano, My Nokia Blog, 2013 http://mynokiablog.com/2013/08/13/timetraveltuesday-nokia-n95-vs-iphone-crickey-the-n95-was-sooo-good/
  343. “Ballmer Laughs at iPhone”, YouTube, 2007 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eywi0h_Y5_U
  344. “Steve Ballmer finally explains why he thought the iPhone would be a flop” by Chris Smith, BGR, 2016 https://bgr.com/2016/11/04/ballmer-iphone-quote-explained/
  345. The Perfect Thing: How the iPod Shuffles Commerce, Culture, and Coolness by Stephen Levy, Simon & Schuster, 2006
  346. “What you see is what you get” by David Thomas, Daily Telegraph, 2005 https://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/tvandradio/3637246/What-you-see-is-what-you-get.html
  347. “20 bestselling mobile phones of all time”, Daily Telegraph, 2017 https://www.telegraph.co.uk/technology/2016/01/26/the-20-bestselling-mobile-phones-of-all-time/motorola-razr-v3/
  348. “Today in Apple history: Steve Jobs unveils Rokr E1, the first iTunes phone” by Luke Dormehl, Cult of Mac, 2020 https://www.cultofmac.com/444315/apple-history-motorola-rokr-e1/
  349. “Motorola ROKR iTunes phone ‘may have flopped’ with six times the returns versus normal rate”, Mac Daily News, 2005 https://macdailynews.com/2005/10/21/report_motorola_rokr_itunes_phone_may_have_flopped/
  350. “Motorola CEO Ed Zander heads for the exit” by Jack Schofield, The Guardian, 2007 https://www.theguardian.com/technology/blog/2007/nov/30/motorolaceoedzanderheadsf
  351. “Towards the 100 millionth Symbian OS phone” by David Wood, 2001 https://deltawisdom.com/insight/august-2001/
  352. “Forecasting Symbian success” by David Wood, 2014 https://smartphonesandbeyond.com/chapters/part-i/forecasting-symbian-success/
  353. “HMV: Did streaming cause retailer to fail?” by Rory Cellan-Jones, BBC News, 2018 https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/technology-46703208
  354. “The Hemingway Law of Motion: Gradually, then Suddenly” by Timothy Taylor, Conversable Economist, 2015 http://conversableeconomist.blogspot.co.uk/2015/01/the-hemingway-law-of-motion-gradually.html
  355. The End of Alchemy: Money, Banking, and the Future of the Global Economy by Mervyn A. King, W. W. Norton, 2016
  356. “Interview with Dr. Rudi Dornbusch” Frontline, 1998 http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/mexico/interviews/dornbusch.html
  357. The Road Ahead by Bill Gates, with Nathan Myhrvold and Peter Rinearson, Viking Penguin, 1995
  358. “Bye-bye Bill” by Rory Cellan-Jones, BBC News, 2008 https://www.bbc.co.uk/blogs/technology/2008/06/byebye_bill.html
  359. “Summary: The Road Ahead, by Bill Gates” by Allen Cheng, https://www.allencheng.com/the-road-ahead-bill-gates-summary-pdf/
  360. “The worst things Bill Gates ever said” by Matt Weinberger, The Independent, 2016 https://www.independent.co.uk/news/people/worst-things-bill-gates-ever-said-a6990046.html
  361. “‘Road Ahead’: Gates and Our PC Future” by Paul Andrews by Seattle Times, 1995 https://archive.seattletimes.com/archive/?date=19951122&slug=2153890
  362. “Netscape: The IPO that launched an era” by John Shinal, Market Watch, 2005 https://www.marketwatch.com/story/netscape-ipo-ignited-the-boom-taught-some-hard-lessons-20058518550
  363. “May 26, 1995: Gates, Microsoft Jump on ‘Internet Tidal Wave’”, Wired, 2010 https://www.wired.com/2010/05/0526bill-gates-internet-memo/
  364. “Sept. 28, 1998: Internet Explorer Leaves Netscape in Its Wake” by Michael Calore, Wired, 1998 https://www.wired.com/2009/09/0928ie-beats-netscape/
  365. The more common word for this substance in America is “molasses”.
  366. “Smartphones and Beyond: Lessons from the remarkable rise and fall of Symbian” by David Wood, 2014 https://smartphonesandbeyond.com/
  367. “Steve Jobs left designer Jony Ive more power than anyone at Apple” by Sam Oliver, Apple Insider, 2011 https://appleinsider.com/articles/11/10/21/steve_jobs_left_designer_jony_ive_more_power_than_anyone_at_apple
  368. “Back to the future: Dusting off Bill Gates’ ‘The Road Ahead’” by Sean Gallagher, Ars Technica, 2014 https://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2014/02/back-to-the-future-dusting-off-bill-gates-the-road-ahead/
  369. “Microsoft Names Harel Kodesh and Moshe Lichtman as Vice President”, Microsoft, 1998 https://news.microsoft.com/1998/08/27/microsoft-names-harel-kodesh-and-moshe-lichtman-as-vice-president/
  370. Breaking Windows: How Bill Gates Fumbled the Future of Microsoft by David Bank, Free Press, 2001
  371. “Who Fatally Wounded Microsoft? It Was Bill Gates” by Mike Cane, iPad Test, 2010 https://ipadtest.wordpress.com/2010/03/11/who-fatally-wounded-microsoft-it-was-bill-gates/
  372. “Disruptive Technologies: Catching the Wave” by Joseph L. Bower and Clayton M. Christensen, Harvard Business Review, 1995 https://hbr.org/1995/01/disruptive-technologies-catching-the-wave
  373. “The Scorpion and the Frog”, Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Scorpion_and_the_Frog
  374. “First look at MS ‘Stinger’-based phone” by Richard Shim, ZDNet, 2000 https://www.zdnet.com/article/first-look-at-ms-stinger-based-phone/
  375. “Microsoft’s masterplan to screw phone partner – full details” by Andrew Orlowski, The Register, 2003 https://www.theregister.com/2003/01/06/microsofts_masterplan_to_screw_phone/
  376. “Bill Gates’ Open Letter to Hobbyists”, by William Henry Gates III, Homebrew Computer Club Newsletter, 1976 http://www.digibarn.com/collections/newsletters/homebrew/V2_01/gatesletter.html
  377. “What would you like to see most in minix?” by Linus Benedict Torvalds, comp.os.minix, 1991 https://groups.google.com/forum/#!msg/comp.os.minix/dlNtH7RRrGA/SwRavCzVE7gJ
  378. “An Introduction to Apache Software” by Maximilian Michels, 2017 https://maximilianmichels.com/2017/an-introduction-to-apache-software/
  379. “The Halloween Documents”, by Eric S. Raymond, The Cathedral and the Bazaar http://catb.org/~esr/halloween/index.html
  380. “Let’s Get This Straight: Microsoft’s Halloween scare” by Scott Rosenberg, Salon, 1998 https://www.salon.com/1998/11/04/straight_39/
  381. “The Cathedral and the Bazaar” by Eric S. Raymond, First Monday, 1998 https://firstmonday.org/article/view/578/499
  382. “Highlights/memories of LinuxWorld Spring 1999” by Doran L. Barton, YouTube, 2013 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k41nZJp3hDA
  383. “Towards the 100 millionth Symbian OS phone” by David Wood, 2001 https://deltawisdom.com/insight/august-2001/
  384. “100 million Symbian smartphones shipped”, Symbian Press, 2006 https://web.archive.org/web/20061127040414/http://www.symbian.com/news/pr/2006/pr20068610.html
  385. “Symbian CEO pitches middle ground between iPhone, Android” by Tom Krazit, CNet, 2008 https://www.cnet.com/news/symbian-ceo-pitches-middle-ground-between-iphone-android/
  386. “1.5 billion Series 40 phones, plus half a billion Symbian too” by Steve Litchfield, All About Symbian, 2012 http://www.allaboutsymbian.com/news/item/14132_15_billion_Series_40_phones_pl.php
  387. “Android activations surpass 500 million, growth rate keeps increasing” by Chip, GSM Arena, 2012 http://blog.gsmarena.com/android-activations-surpass-500-million-growth-rate-keeps-increasing/
  388. “Without Much Fanfare, Apple Has Sold Its 500 Millionth iPhone” by Mark Rogowsky, Forbes, 2014 https://www.forbes.com/sites/markrogowsky/2014/03/25/without-much-fanfare-apple-has-sold-its-500-millionth-iphone/
  389. “Google makes its entry into the wireless world” by Miguel Helft and John Markoff, New York Times, 2007 https://www.nytimes.com/2007/11/05/technology/05iht-05cndgphone.8194320.html
  390. “I, Robot: The Man Behind the Google Phone” by John Markoff, New York Times, 2007 https://www.nytimes.com/2007/11/04/technology/04google.html
  391. “Android just another Linux platform, says Symbian CEO” by Martyn Williams, Washington Post, 2007 https://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/11/06/AR2007110600600.html
  392. “Symbian dismisses Google Android” by Darren Waters, BBC News, 2007 http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/technology/7082414.stm
  393. “We’re At Mobile World Congress, But Where Is Android?” by Casey Chan, Android Central, 2009 https://xcomputer.website/2016/11/22/were-at-mobile-world-congress-but-where-is-android/
  394. “Google’s Mobile-Handset Plans Are Slowed” by Jessica E. Vascellaro and Amol Sharma, Wall Street Journal, 2008 https://www.wsj.com/articles/SB121418837707895947
  395. Crossing the Chasm: Marketing and Selling Technology Products to Mainstream Customers by Geoffrey A. Moore, Harper Collins, 1991
  396. Diffusion of Innovations by Everett M. Rogers, Free Press of Glencoe, 1962
  397. “The 5 Customer Segments of Technology Adoption”, On Digital Marketing https://ondigitalmarketing.com/learn/odm/foundations/5-customer-segments-technology-adoption/
  398. “Smartphones and Beyond: Lessons from the remarkable rise and fall of Symbian” by David Wood, 2014 https://smartphonesandbeyond.com/
  399. “Can a Butterfly in Brazil Really Cause a Tornado in Texas?” by Natalie Wolchover, Live Science, 2011 https://www.livescience.com/17455-butterfly-effect-weather-prediction.html
  400. “How far out can we forecast the weather? Scientists have a new answer” by Paul Voosen, Science, 2019 https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2019/02/how-far-out-can-we-forecast-weather-scientists-have-new-answer
  401. “How a Lunar Eclipse Saved Columbus” by Joe Rao, Space, 2008 https://www.space.com/2729-lunar-eclipse-saved-columbus.html
  402. “Regiomontanus” by Adam Mosley, Cambridge History and Philosophy of Science, 1999 http://www.sites.hps.cam.ac.uk/starry/regiomontanus.html
  403. “The Fourth Voyage of Christopher Columbus” by Christopher Minster, Thought Co, 2019 https://www.thoughtco.com/fourth-new-world-voyage-christopher-columbus-2136698
  404. “Investor lessons from a market bubble that cost Isaac Newton a bundle” by Barbara Kollmeyer, Market Watch, 2016 http://www.marketwatch.com/story/investor-lessons-from-a-market-bubble-that-cost-isaac-newton-a-bundle-2016-08-25
  405. “How Isaac Newton went flat broke chasing a stock bubble” by Tim Price, Sovereign Man, 2013 https://www.sovereignman.com/finance/how-isaac-newton-went-flat-broke-chasing-a-stock-bubble-13268/
  406. “Excerpt from the ‘Special Message to the Congress on Urgent National Needs’” by President John F. Kennedy, NASA, 1961 https://www.nasa.gov/vision/space/features/jfk_speech_text.html
  407. “Concept to Apollo: Beginnings through July 1960” by Ivan D. Ertel and Mary Louise Morse, NASA, 1979 https://www.hq.nasa.gov/office/pao/History/SP-4009/v1p1.htm
  408. “Destination Moon”, IMDb https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0042393/
  409. “The British Interplanetary Society” https://www.bis-space.com/what-we-do/the-british-interplanetary-society
  410. “First dog in space died within hours” by David Whitehouse, BBC News, 2002 http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/sci/tech/2367681.stm
  411. “Sputnik Reconsidered: Image and Reality in the Early Space Age” by Kim McQuaid, Canadian Review of American Studies, 2007 http://hsci3331spaceracefinalproject.weebly.com/uploads/1/2/7/1/12719548/kim_mcquaid_sputnik_reconsidered_image_and_reality_in_the_early_space_age.pdf
  412. Sputnik: The Shock of the Century by Paul Dickson, Walker & Company, 2001
  413. “Wunderwaffen: The History of Rocketry – Race For Space” by Walther Johann von Lopp, 2010 http://v33v.tripod.com/ww3.html
  414. “The Feasibility Studies” by Courtney G Brooks, James M. Grimwood, Loyd S. Swenson, NASA, 1979 https://www.hq.nasa.gov/office/pao/History/SP-4205/ch1-7.html
  415. “Address To Joint Session Of Congress May 25, 1961”, John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum, https://www.jfklibrary.org/learn/about-jfk/historic-speeches/address-to-joint-session-of-congress-may-25-1961
  416. “Enchanted Rendezvous: John C. Houbolt and the Genesis of the Lunar-Orbit Rendezvous Concept” by James R. Hansen, NASA, 1999 https://history.nasa.gov/monograph4.pdf
  417. “John F. Kennedy Moon Speech – Rice Stadium”, NASA, 1962 https://er.jsc.nasa.gov/seh/ricetalk.htm
  418. “‘We have a fire in the cockpit!’ The Apollo 1 disaster 50 years later” by Sarah Larimer, Washington Post, 2017 https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/speaking-of-science/wp/2017/01/26/50-years-ago-three-astronauts-died-in-the-apollo-1-fire/
  419. “How Luck Made Neil Armstrong the First Man on the Moon” by Amy Shira Teitel, Discover, 2019 https://www.discovermagazine.com/the-sciences/how-luck-made-neil-armstrong-the-first-man-on-the-moon
  420. “The Moon Landing: An Undelivered Nixon Speech”, by Bill Safire, Presidential library, 1969 https://watergate.info/1969/07/20/an-undelivered-nixon-speech.html
  421. “The Rendezvous That Almost Wasn’t” by Kathy Barnstorff, NASA, 2004 https://www.nasa.gov/vision/space/features/apollo_lor.html
  422. “Remarks on Signing the National Cancer Act of 1971” by Richard Nixon, The American Presidency Project https://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/documents/remarks-signing-the-national-cancer-act-1971
  423. “Milestone 1971”, National Cancer Institute https://dtp.cancer.gov/timeline/flash/milestones/M4_Nixon.htm
  424. “The Long War on Cancer: Transcript” by Jill Rosenbaum, Olivia Katrandjian, and Anne Alvergue, Retro Report, 2013 https://www.retroreport.org/transcript/the-long-war-on-cancer/
  425. “Cancer deaths in 1970 and in 1997” by Gilbert Ling, 1997, https://www.gilbertling.org/lp2.htm
  426. “Sidney Farber, MD”, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute https://www.dana-farber.org/about-us/history-and-milestones/sidney-farber,-md/
  427. “A tribute to Sidney Farber – the father of modern chemotherapy” by Denis R. Miller, British Journal of Haematology, 2006 https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/j.1365-2141.2006.06119.x
  428. “Cancer Wars”, US National Library of Medicine https://profiles.nlm.nih.gov/spotlight/tl/feature/cancer
  429. “The War on Cancer, 40 years later”, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, 2011 https://blog.dana-farber.org/insight/2011/12/the-war-on-cancer-40-years-later/
  430. “The Lasker Awards: A history of ‘America’s Nobels’” by David N. Keegan, Cell Mentor, 2018 http://crosstalk.cell.com/blog/the-lasker-awards-a-history-of-americas-nobels
  431. “Notable New Yorkers: Mary Lasker”, Columbia University, 2006 http://www.columbia.edu/cu/lweb/digital/collections/nny/laskerm/transcripts/laskerm_1_7_183.html
  432. “Mr. Nixon: You Can Cure Cancer” by Citizens Committee for the Conquest of Cancer, Washington Post, 1969 https://profiles.nlm.nih.gov/spotlight/tl/catalog/nlm:nlmuid-101584665X20-doc
  433. The Emperor of All Maladies: A Biography of Cancer by Siddhartha Mukherjee, Scribner, 2010
  434. “Cancer Wars”, US National Library of Medicine https://profiles.nlm.nih.gov/spotlight/tl/feature/cancer
  435. The Emperor of All Maladies: A Biography of Cancer by Siddhartha Mukherjee, Scribner, 2010
  436. Rebel Cell: Cancer, Evolution and the Science of Life by Kat Arney, Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 2020
  437. “Is the war on cancer an ‘utter failure’?: A sobering look at how billions in research money is spent” by Tom Blackwell, National Post, 2013 https://nationalpost.com/news/war-on-cancer
  438. “Fifty years in fusion and the way forward” by J. Jacquinot, Nuclear Fusion, 2009 https://www.researchgate.net/publication/231115363_Fifty_years_in_fusion_and_the_way_forward
  439. “Homi Bhabha and how World War II was responsible for creating India’s nuclear future” by Taran Deol, The Print, 2019 https://theprint.in/theprint-profile/homi-bhabha-and-how-world-war-ii-was-responsible-for-creating-indias-nuclear-future/312842/
  440. “Forever 20 years away: will we ever have a working nuclear fusion reactor?” by Michael Brooks, New Statesman, 2014 https://www.newstatesman.com/sci-tech/2014/11/forever-20-years-away-will-we-ever-have-working-nuclear-fusion-reactor
  441. “Nuclear Fusion: Holy Grail of Energy” by Quamrul Haider, Nuclear Fusion, 2019 https://www.researchgate.net/publication/330947985_Nuclear_Fusion_Holy_Grail_of_Energy
  442. “Fusion history beyond the fiascos” by Jean Jacquinot, Nature, 2009 https://www.nature.com/articles/457265a
  443. “Fusion energy pushed back beyond 2050” by Edwin Cartlidge, BBC News, 2017 https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-40558758
  444. “We’ve Long Waited for Fusion. This Reactor May Finally Deliver It – Fast” by Caroline Delbert, Popular Mechanics, 2020 https://www.popularmechanics.com/science/energy/a34224299/nuclear-fusion-compact-reactor-sparc-timeline/
  445. “Two British companies confident of nuclear fusion breakthrough” by Clive Cookson, Financial Times, 2019 https://www.ft.com/content/a8d0a7e4-20e3-11ea-b8a1-584213ee7b2b
  446. “Nuclear fusion project leader laments ‘uncontrollable’ political forces” by Carmen Rodríguez, Euractiv, 2016 https://www.euractiv.com/section/energy/news/nuclear-fusion-project-leader-laments-uncontrollable-political-forces/
  447. “The ITER story”, Iter, https://www.iter.org/proj/iterhistory
  448. “5 Big Ideas for Making Fusion Power a Reality” by Tom Clynes, IEEE Spectrum, 2020 https://spectrum.ieee.org/energy/nuclear/5-big-ideas-for-making-fusion-power-a-reality
  449. “1986: Coal mine canaries made redundant”, BBC News http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/december/30/newsid_2547000/2547587.stm
  450. Chapter 3 of Taking the Medicine: A Short History of Medicine’s Beautiful Idea, and our Difficulty Swallowing It by Druin Burch, Chatto & Windus, 2009
  451. “Karl Popper on The Line Between Science and Pseudoscience”, Farnam Street blog, 2016 https://fs.blog/2016/01/karl-popper-on-science-pseudoscience/
  452. “Science and Pseudo-Science”, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, 2017 https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/pseudo-science/
  453. “Lunar orbit rendezvous”, Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lunar_orbit_rendezvous
  454. “Why companies fail – the rise and fall of HMV” by Philip Beeching, 2012 http://www.philipbeeching.com/2012/08/why-companies-fail-rise-and-fall-of-hmv.html
  455. “Harry Truman vs. The Volcano” by John Jennings, The IFOD, 2020 https://www.theifod.com/harry-truman-vs-the-volcano/
  456. “1980 eruption of Mount St. Helens”, Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1980_eruption_of_Mount_St._Helens
  457. “Thomas Kuhn”, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, 2018 https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/thomas-kuhn/
  458. “Cholera epidemics in Victorian London”, The Gazette, 2016 https://www.thegazette.co.uk/all-notices/content/100519
  459. “Celebration: William Farr (1807–1883) – an appreciation on the 200th anniversary of his birth” by DE Lilienfeld, International Journal of Epidemiology, 2007 https://academic.oup.com/ije/article/36/5/985/775018
  460. “Death and miasma in Victorian London: an obstinate belief” by Stephen Halliday, BMJ, 2001 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1121911
  461. “A ‘disease mist… an angel of death’” by Stephen Halliday, UCLA Department of Epidemiology http://www.ph.ucla.edu/epi/snow/farr/farr_mist.html
  462. “John Snow and the Broad Street Pump” by Kathleen Tuthill, Cricket, 2003 https://www.ph.ucla.edu/epi/snow/snowcricketarticle.html
  463. “Reverend Henry Whitehead” by Ralph R. Frerichs, UCLA Department of Epidemiology http://www.ph.ucla.edu/epi/Snow/whitehead.html
  464. “Index case at 40 Broad Street” by Ralph R. Frerichs, UCLA Department of Epidemiology https://www.ph.ucla.edu/epi/snow/indexcase.html
  465. “The Broad Street Pump: An Episode in the Cholera Epidemic of 1854” by Henry Whitehead, Macmillan’s Magazine, 1865 https://books.google.com/books?id=iSiFb2ANrG8C&pg=PA113
  466. “Dr John Snow and Reverend Whitehead” by Peter Daniel and David Markoff, Cholera and the Thames http://www.choleraandthethames.co.uk/cholera-in-london/cholera-in-soho/
  467. “The changing assessments of John Snow’s and William Farr’s cholera studies” by John M. Eyler, Soz.- Präventivmed, 2001 https://web.archive.org/web/20180728035635/http://www.epidemiology.ch/history/papers/eyler-paper-1.pdf
  468. “Sir Joseph Bazalgette (1819-1891)” by Jacqueline Banerjee, Victorian Web, 2011 http://www.victorianweb.org/technology/engineers/bazalgette.html
  469. “How Bazalgette built London’s first super-sewer” by Alwyn Collinson, Museum of London, 2019 https://www.museumoflondon.org.uk/discover/how-bazalgette-built-londons-first-super-sewer
  470. “Death and miasma in Victorian London: an obstinate belief” by Stephen Halliday, BMJ, 2001 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1121911
  471. “Joseph Bazalgette”, History https://www.history.co.uk/biographies/joseph-bazalgette
  472. “Contesting the Science of Smoking” by David Heath, The Atlantic, 2016 https://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2016/05/low-tar-cigarettes/481116/
  473. “Addendum to ‘Assessing ExxonMobil’s climate change communications (1977–2014)’” by Geoffrey Supran and Naomi Oreskes, Environmental Research Letters, 2020 https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1748-9326/ab89d5
  474. “The EPA is meant to protect us. The Monsanto trials suggest it isn’t doing that” by Nathan Donley and Carey Gillam, The Guardian, 2019 https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2019/may/07/epa-monsanto-round-up-trial
  475. “The greatest steps towards the discovery of Vibrio cholerae” by D. Lippia and E. Gotuzzo, Clinical Microbiology and Infection, 2014 https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1198743X14608557
  476. “Multiple Nobel Laureate: Linus Pauling”, Nobel Prize, https://www.nobelprize.org/laureate/217
  477. The scientific 100: a ranking of the most influential scientists, past and present by John G. Simmons, Citadel Press, 1996
  478. “The Vitamin Myth: Why We Think We Need Supplements” by Paul Offit, The Atlantic, 2013 https://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2013/07/the-vitamin-myth-why-we-think-we-need-supplements/277947/
  479. “Vitamin C”, NHS https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/vitamins-and-minerals/vitamin-c/
  480. “Is it possible to take too much vitamin C?” by Katherine Zeratsky, Mayo Clinic, 2020 https://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/nutrition-and-healthy-eating/expert-answers/vitamin-c/faq-20058030
  481. Vitamin C, the Common Cold and the Flu by Linus Pauling, W.H.Freeman & Co, 1976
  482. “How Linus Pauling duped America into believing vitamin C cures colds” by Megan Thielking, Vox, 2015 https://www.vox.com/2015/1/15/7547741/vitamin-c-myth-pauling
  483. “The Vitamin Myth: Why We Think We Need Supplements” by Paul Offit, The Atlantic, 2013 https://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2013/07/the-vitamin-myth-why-we-think-we-need-supplements/277947/
  484. “Why vitamin pills don’t work, and may be bad for you”, BBC Future https://www.bbc.com/future/article/20161208-why-vitamin-supplements-could-kill-you
  485. “The Loss of Vitamin C: One More Proof for Evolution” by Bruno Van de Casteele, Skeptoid Blog, 2014 https://skeptoid.com/blog/2014/08/17/the-loss-of-vitamin-c-one-more-proof-for-evolution/
  486. Discussed in Chapter 7 of my 2016 book The Abolition of Aging
  487. “High Doses of Vitamin C Are Not Effective as a Cancer Treatment” by Stephen Barrett, Quackwatch, 2011 https://quackwatch.org/related/cancer/c/
  488. “The Founding of the Institute of Orthomolecular Medicine”, Pauling Blog, 2013 https://paulingblog.wordpress.com/2013/03/13/the-founding-of-the-institute-of-orthomolecular-medicine/
  489. “High dose vitamin C and cancer: Has Linus Pauling been vindicated?” by David Groski, Science-Based Medicine, 2008 https://sciencebasedmedicine.org/high-dose-vitamin-c-and-cancer-has-linus-pauling-been-vindicated/
  490. “De re militari”, Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/De_re_militari
  491. “Fat Man: Herman Kahn and the nuclear age” by Louis Menand, The New Yorker, 2005 http://www.pages.drexel.edu/~ina22/301/hnrs301-text-fat_man.htm
  492. “America’s Nuclear Triad” https://www.defense.gov/Experience/Americas-Nuclear-Triad/
  493. “Multiple Independently-targetable Reentry Vehicle (MIRV)”, Center for Arms Control and Non-Proliferation https://armscontrolcenter.org/multiple-independently-targetable-reentry-vehicle-mirv/
  494. Future Shock by Alvin Toffler, Random House, 1970
  495. Thinking about the Unthinkable by Herman Kahn, Horizon Press, 1962
  496. “America’s Greatest Movies”, American Film Institute, 1998 https://web.archive.org/web/20110313150543/http://www.afi.com/Docs/100Years/movies100.pdf
  497. “Herman Kahn: The physicist, nuclear-war strategist, and Cold War ‘scenario planner’ who inspired Kubrick’s ‘Dr. Strangelove’” by Boban Docevski, Vintage News, 2017 https://www.thevintagenews.com/2017/12/03/dr-strangelove-inspiration/
  498. The Seven Sisters: The Great Oil Companies and the World they Shaped by Anthony Sampson, Viking Press, 1975
  499. “Historical Crude Oil prices, 1861 to Present”, ChartsBin http://chartsbin.com/view/oau
  500. “Sisters Under Stress” by Anthony Sampson, Journey to Forever, http://journeytoforever.org/biofuel_library/sevensisters/7sisters9.html
  501. “Brief History”, OPEC https://www.opec.org/opec_web/en/about_us/24.htm
  502. “Libya and Britain: A Study of the History of British-Libyan Relations 1969-1979” by Ali Abdussalam Abdulla Ali, Nottingham Trent University, 2014 https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/30624181.pdf
  503. Chapter “Mystics” in The Age of Heretics: Heroes, Outlaws, and the Forerunners of Corporate Change by Art Kleiner, Nicholas Brealey, 1996
  504. “Promoting American leadership and global engagement for a secure, free, and prosperous future”, Hudson Institute https://www.hudson.org/about
  505. The Year 2000: A Framework for Speculation on the Next Thirty-three Years by Herman Kahn and Anthony J. Wiener, Macmillan, 1967
  506. The Emerging Japanese Superstate: Challenge and Response by Herman Kahn, Prentice Hall, 1970
  507. “What Can Past Technology Forecasts Tell Us About the Future?” by Richard E. Albright, Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 2002 http://www.albrightstrategy.com/papers/Albright_Past_Forecasts.pdf
  508. “Pierre Wack”, The Economist, 2008 https://www.economist.com/news/2008/08/29/pierre-wack
  509. “The man who saw the future” by Art Kleiner, Thought Leaders, 2003 https://www.strategy-business.com/article/8220?gko=4447f
  510. “Scenarios: Uncharted Waters Ahead” by Pierre Wack, Harvard Business Review, 1985 https://hbr.org/1985/09/scenarios-uncharted-waters-ahead
  511. “Forty Years of Shell Scenarios”, Shell, 2012 https://www.shell.com/promos/forty-years-of-shell-scenarios/_jcr_content.stream/1448557479375/a0e75f042fee5322b72780ee36e5ba17c35a4fc6/shell-scenarios-40yearsbook080213.pdf
  512. “The scenario approach to possible futures for oil and natural gas” by Jeremy Bentham, Energy Policy, 2014 https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0301421513008124
  513. “Exploring Alternatives to the War on Drugs” by Adam Kahane, Stanford Social Innovation Review, 2013 https://ssir.org/articles/entry/exploring_alternatives_to_the_war_in_drugs
  514. “Adam Kahane”, Reos Partners https://reospartners.com/reos-management/adam-kahane/
  515. “How to Change the Future” by Adam Kahane, RSA video, 2012 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XiGS9Vq0FGA
  516. Chapter 8, “New Stories Can Generate New Realities” in Transformative Scenario Planning: Working Together to Change the Future by Adam Kahane, Berrett-Koehler Publishers, 2012
  517. Chapter 4, “Unconventional, Stretch Collaboration Is Becoming Essential” in Collaborating with the Enemy: How to Work with People You Don’t Agree with or Like or Trust by Adam Kahane, Berrett-Koehler Publishers, 2017
  518. “Destino Colombia 1997-2000: A Treasure to be Revealed” by Alfredo de León and Elena Díez Pinto, Democratic Dialogue Network, 2000 http://www.democraticdialoguenetwork.org/files/documents_bk_marzo_7/271/attachment/CivicDialogueWorkshop-English.pdf
  519. “The Nobel Peace Prize for 2016”, Nobel Prize, 2016 https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/peace/2016/press-release/
  520. “President Juan Manuel Santos’ prologue to the Spanish language edition of Adam Kahane’s book Collaborating with the Enemy” by Juan Manuel Santos, Reos Partners, 2018 https://reospartners.com/prologue-to-the-spanish-language-edition-of-adam-kahanes-book-collaborating-with-the-enemy-how-to-work-with-people-you-dont-agree-with-or-like-or-trust/
  521. Leading Change by John Kotter, Harvard Business Review Press, 1988
  522. “Brent Spar”, Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brent_Spar
  523. “Case Study: Brent Spar”, Fisheries Research Services https://www2.gov.scot/Uploads/Documents/AE07Brent2004.pdf
  524. “Lessons from Exxon Valdez, 25 years later” by Richard Steiner, Greenpeace, 2014 https://www.greenpeace.org/usa/lessons-from-exxon-valdez-25-years-later/
  525. “Predictable Surprises: The Disasters You Should Have Seen Coming” by Michael D. Watkins and Max H. Bazerman, Harvard Business Review, 2003 https://hbr.org/2003/04/predictable-surprises-the-disasters-you-should-have-seen-coming
  526. “Greenpeace: A history of confrontation” by Martin Koch, DW, 2013 https://www.dw.com/en/greenpeace-a-history-of-confrontation/g-17119321
  527. “The Brent Spar Fight” by Jack Doyle, Pop History Dig, 2020 https://www.pophistorydig.com/topics/greenpeace-shell-brent-spar/
  528. “Greenpeace vs the Brent Spar (From Crude Britannia: The Story of North Sea Oil)”, ricjl, YouTube, 2019 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0INCoJvEFdw
  529. “Brent Spar Greenpeace vs. Shell”, Planet Film International, YouTube, 2010 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KToV-c8uvPc
  530. “Giant Outsmarted: How Greenpeace Sank Shell’s Plan to Dump Big Oil Rig in Atlantic” by Bhushan Bahree, Kyle Pope, and Allanna Sullivan, Wall Street Journal, 1995 http://www.pitt.edu/~mitnick/EBEweb/Greenpeace7_7_95.html
  531. “Brent Spar Revisited, 10 Years On” by Thomas Mösch, DW, 2005 https://www.dw.com/en/brent-spar-revisited-10-years-on/a-1621883
  532. “Pipe Dreams: Ken Saro-Wiwa, Environmental Justice, and Micro-Minority Rights” by Rob Nixon, Black Renaissance, 1996 https://web.archive.org/web/20141220005732/http://english.wisc.edu/rdnixon/files/pipe_dreams.pdf
  533. “Shell pays out $15.5m over Saro-Wiwa killing” by Ed Pilkington, The Guardian, 2009 https://www.theguardian.com/world/2009/jun/08/nigeria-usa
  534. “Seeds of NGO Activism: Shell Capitulates in Saro-Wiwa Case” by Jon Entine, NGO Watch, 2009 https://web.archive.org/web/20150508150554/http://www.aei.org/publication/seeds-of-ngo-activism-shell-capitulates-in-saro-wiwa-case/
  535. “It took five tries to hang Saro-Wiwa” by Frank Aigbogun, The Independent, 1995 https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/it-took-five-tries-to-hang-saro-wiwa-1581703.html
  536. “Bio” https://www.sas.upenn.edu/tetlock/bio
  537. Superforecasting: The Art and Science of Prediction by Philip E. Tetlock and Dan Gardner, Crown, 2015
  538. “Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)”, Good Judgement Open, 2019 https://www.gjopen.com/faq
  539. “Welcome to Good Judgment® Open” https://www.gjopen.com/
  540. The Hedgehog and the Fox: An Essay on Tolstoy’s View of History by Isaiah Berlin, Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1953
  541. Good to Great: Why Some Companies Make the Leap and Others Don’t by Jim Collins, Random House Business, 2001
  542. “The Hedgehog Concept”, Jim Collins https://www.jimcollins.com/concepts/the-hedgehog-concept.html
  543. “Scanning the Environment: PESTEL Analysis”, Business To You, 2017 https://www.business-to-you.com/scanning-the-environment-pestel-analysis/
  544. Classic articles on transhumanism are collected together in The Transhumanist Reader: Classical and Contemporary Essays on the Science, Technology, and Philosophy of the Human Future edited by Max More and Natasha Vita-More, Wiley-Blackwell, 2013. For a thorough account of the history (and prehistory) of transhumanism, see “A History of Transhumanism” by Elise Bohan, PhD thesis, Macquarie University, 2018 https://www.researchgate.net/publication/332289738_A_History_of_Transhumanism
  545. “An Excerpt From The Singularity Is Near” by Ray Kurzweil, Penguin, 2005 https://www.penguin.com/ajax/books/excerpt/9780143037880
  546. The Age of Spiritual Machines: When Computers Exceed Human Intelligence by Ray Kurzweil, Viking Press, 1999
  547. “Singularity Q&A” by Ray Kurzweil, Kurzweil AI, 2005, https://www.kurzweilai.net/singularity-q-a
  548. “The Immortal Ambitions of Ray Kurzweil: A Review of Transcendent Man” by John Rennie, Scientific American, 2011 https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/the-immortal-ambitions-of-ray-kurzweil/
  549. “The six epochs of evolution” by Jason Silva, YouTube, 2012 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KNkW353QkxU
  550. “The Singularity is Near: How Kurzweil’s Predictions Are Faring” by Paul Feakins, Antropy, 2017 https://www.antropy.co.uk/blog/the-singularity-is-near-how-kurzweils-predictions-are-faring/
  551. “Assessing Kurzweil: the results” by Stuart Armstrong, Less Wrong, 2013 https://www.lesswrong.com/posts/kbA6T3xpxtko36GgP/assessing-kurzweil-the-results
  552. Collapse: How Societies Choose to Fail or Succeed by Jared Diamond, Viking Press, 2005
  553. “Bibliography of Works Providing Estimates of Life Expectancy at Birth” by James C. Riley, Life Table, 2005 https://www.lifetable.de/RileyBib.pdf
  554. “Life expectancy per country from 1543 to 2019” by Alberto Maria Falletta, Kaggle, 2020 https://www.kaggle.com/albeffe/life-expectancy-per-country-from-1543-to-2019
  555. For a graphical representation see Our World in Data, https://ourworldindata.org/grapher/life-expectancy?tab=chart&country=~GBR
  556. Our World in Data, https://ourworldindata.org/grapher/life-expectancy?tab=chart&country=~SWE
  557. “US life expectancy is still on the decline. Here’s why” by Jen Christensen, CNN, 2019 https://edition.cnn.com/2019/11/26/health/us-life-expectancy-decline-study/index.html
  558. Section “Moore’s Law Was Not the First, but the Fifth Paradigm To Provide Exponential Growth of Computing” in “The Law of Accelerating Returns” by Ray Kurzweil, Kurzweil AI, 2001 https://www.kurzweilai.net/the-law-of-accelerating-returns
  559. “Change: The beguiling nature of exponential curves” by Nic Brisbourne, The Equity Kicker, 2017 http://www.theequitykicker.com/2017/05/31/change-the-beguiling-nature-of-exponential-curves/
  560. “What is happening to life expectancy in the UK?” by Veena Raleigh, The Kings Fund, 2020 https://www.kingsfund.org.uk/publications/whats-happening-life-expectancy-uk
  561. “GDP per capita in England”, Our World in Data, 2020 https://ourworldindata.org/grapher/gdp-per-capita-in-the-uk-since-1270
  562. “Average years of schooling”, Our World in Data, 2018 https://ourworldindata.org/grapher/mean-years-of-schooling-long-run?tab=chart&country=~GBR
  563. “History of Energy in the United States: 1635-2000”, Energy Information Administration (EIA), 2008 https://web.archive.org/web/20100107032323/http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/aer/eh/frame.html
  564. “Harnessing the Void: How the Industrial revolution began in a Vacuum” by Robert O. Woods, American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 2003 https://asmedigitalcollection.asme.org/memagazineselect/article/125/12/38/379686/Harnessing-the-VoidHow-the-Industrial-revolution
  565. “Industrial Revolution”, Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Industrial_Revolution
  566. “We’re living through a new industrial revolution” by Andrew McAfee, Financial Times, 2014 https://www.ft.com/content/e6218eaa-0675-3ee2-8d54-3599d7560386
  567. “The Unreasonable Effectiveness of Mathematics in the Natural Sciences” by Eugene Wigner, Communications in Pure and Applied Mathematics, 1960 https://www.dartmouth.edu/~matc/MathDrama/reading/Wigner.html
  568. “GCHQ pioneers on birth of public key crypto” by Tom Espiner, ZDnet, 2010 https://www.zdnet.com/article/gchq-pioneers-on-birth-of-public-key-crypto/
  569. “The Golden Age of Theoretical Physics: P.A.M. Dirac’s Scientific Work from 1924 to 1933” by Jagdish Mehra, 1972 https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/4661346
  570. “Nothing in Biology Makes Sense Except in the Light of Evolution” by Theodosius Dobzhansky, The American Biology Teacher, 1973 https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/evolution/library/10/2/text_pop/l_102_01.html
  571. “10 Reasons Countries Fall Apart” by Daron Acemoglu and James A. Robinson, Foreign Policy, 2012 https://foreignpolicy.com/2012/06/18/10-reasons-countries-fall-apart/
  572. “The Second Industrial Revolution, 1870-1914” by Ryan Engelman, U.S. History Scene, https://ushistoryscene.com/article/second-industrial-revolution/
  573. “The Fourth Industrial Revolution: what it means, how to respond” by Klaus Schwab, World Economic Forum, 2016 https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2016/01/the-fourth-industrial-revolution-what-it-means-and-how-to-respond/
  574. “Technological Revolutions and the Shape of Tomorrow” by Carlota Perez, Baillie Gifford, 2020 https://www.bailliegifford.com/en/uk/individual-investors/funds/scottish-mortgage-investment-trust/insights/ic-video/2020-q2-paradigm-shifts-with-carlota-perez-ind-we-1682
  575. “Kondratiev wave”, Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kondratiev_wave
  576. “The Kondratieff Cycle: Real or Fabricated?” by Murray Rothbard, Investment Insights, 1984 https://www.lewrockwell.com/1970/01/murray-n-rothbard/business-cycles-real-and-fabricated/
  577. “On Computable Numbers, with an Application to the Entscheidungsproblem” by Alan Turing, Princeton University, 1936 http://www.cs.virginia.edu/~robins/Turing_Paper_1936.pdf
  578. “History of programming languages” by Justin Lestal, Devskiller, 2020 https://devskiller.com/history-of-programming-languages/
  579. “Why Software Is Eating the World” by Marc Andreessen, The Wall Street Journal, 2011 https://a16z.com/2011/08/20/why-software-is-eating-the-world/
  580. “How Zynga is rising from the dead” by Dawn Kawamoto, San Francisco Business Times, 2019 https://www.bizjournals.com/sanfrancisco/news/2019/10/31/how-zynga-is-rising-from-the-dead.html
  581. “You May Have Forgotten Foursquare, but It Didn’t Forget You” by Paris Martinea, Wired, 2019 https://www.wired.com/story/you-may-have-forgotten-foursquare-it-didnt-forget-you/
  582. “Metcalfe’s Law Recurses Down the Long Tail of Social Networks” by Robert Metcalfe, VC Mike’s blog, 2006 https://vcmike.wordpress.com/2006/08/18/metcalfe-social-networks/
  583. “Predicting the Internet’s catastrophic collapse and ghost sites galore in 1996” by Bob Metcalfe, InfoWorld, 1995 https://web.archive.org/web/19990913041024/http://www.infoworld.com/cgi-bin/displayNew.pl?/metcalfe/bm120495.htm
  584. The Cuckoo’s Egg: Tracking a Spy Through the Maze of Computer Espionage by Clifford Stoll, Doubleday, 1989
  585. “25 years on, here are the worst ever predictions about the internet” by Amelia Tait, New Stateman, 2016 https://www.newstatesman.com/science-tech/internet/2016/08/25-years-here-are-worst-ever-predictions-about-internet
  586. “Why the Web Won’t Be Nirvana” by Clifford Stoll, Newsweek, 1995 https://www.newsweek.com/clifford-stoll-why-web-wont-be-nirvana-185306
  587. “Sage who warned of Net’s collapse eats his words” by W. John MacMullen, Reuters, 1997 http://www.ibiblio.org/pjones/ils310/msg00259.html
  588. “Newsweek in 1995: Why the Internet will Fail” by Zee M. Kane, The Next Web, 2010 https://thenextweb.com/shareables/2010/02/27/newsweek-1995-buy-books-newspapers-straight-intenet-uh/
  589. “We’d Better Watch Out” by Robert M. Solow, New York Times, 1987 http://www.standupeconomist.com/pdf/misc/solow-computer-productivity.pdf
  590. “Robert M. Solow: Facts”, The Nobel Prize Organization, 1987 https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/economic-sciences/1987/solow/
  591. “Technical Change and the Aggregate Production Function” by Robert M. Solow, The Review of Economics and Statistics, 1957 https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/TECHNICAL-CHANGE-AND-THE-AGGREGATE-PRODUCTION-Solow/42607bb3d65c74eb44364a379d5496e69567e323
  592. “The PC: Personal Computing Comes of Age” IBM https://www.ibm.com/ibm/history/ibm100/us/en/icons/personalcomputer/impacts/
  593. “Time’s Top Man? The Personal Computer” by Tony Long, Wired, 2007 https://www.wired.com/2012/12/dec-26-1982-times-top-man-the-personal-computer/
  594. “The Productivity Paradox of Information Technology: Review and Assessment” by Erik Brynjolfsson, Communications of the ACM, 1993 http://ccs.mit.edu/papers/CCSWP130/ccswp130.html
  595. See for example, the chapter “Computing Bounty” in The Second Machine Age: Work, Progress, and Prosperity in a Time of Brilliant Technologies by Erik Brynjolfsson and Andrew McAfee, W. W. Norton Company, 2014
  596. “GDP per capita, 1870 to 2016”, Our World In Data https://ourworldindata.org/grapher/average-real-gdp-per-capita-across-countries-and-regions?country=~USA
  597. “The Dynamo and the Computer: An Historical Perspective on the Modern Productivity Paradox” by Paul A. David, The American Economic Review, 1990 http://www.dklevine.com/archive/refs4115.pdf
  598. “Does the ‘New Economy’ measure up to the Great Inventions of the past?” by Robert J. Gordon, National Bureau of Economic Research, 2000 https://www.nber.org/system/files/working_papers/w7833/w7833.pdf
  599. The Rise and Fall of American Growth: The U.S. Standard of Living Since the Civil War by Robert J. Gordon, Princeton University Press, 2016
  600. “Perspectives on The Rise and Fall of American Growth” by Robert J. Gordon, American Economic Review, 2016 https://www.researchgate.net/publication/302973038_Perspectives_on_The_Rise_and_Fall_of_American_Growth
  601. The Digital Doctor: Hope, Hype, and Harm at the Dawn of Medicine’s Computer Age by Robert M. Wachter, McGraw-Hill Education, 2015
  602. “How journals like Nature, Cell and Science are damaging science” by Randy Schekman, The Guardian, 2013 https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2013/dec/09/how-journals-nature-science-cell-damage-science
  603. Deep Medicine: How Artificial Intelligence Can Make Healthcare Human Again by Eric J. Topol, Basic Books, 2019
  604. “Google is using AI to design chips that will accelerate AI” by Karen Hao, MIT Technology Review, 2020 https://www.technologyreview.com/2020/03/27/950258/google-ai-chip-design-reinforcement-learning/
  605. “A logical calculus of the ideas immanent in nervous activity” by Warren S. McCulloch and Walter H. Pitts, Bulletin of Mathematical Biophysics, 1943 http://www.cse.chalmers.se/~coquand/AUTOMATA/mcp.pdf
  606. “Rosenblatt’s Contributions” by Charles C. Tappert, Pace University http://csis.pace.edu/~ctappert/srd2011/rosenblatt-contributions.htm
  607. “ImageNet Classification with Deep Convolutional Neural Networks” by Alex Krizhevsky, Ilya Sutskever, and Geoffrey E. Hinton, Communications of the ACM, 2017 https://dl.acm.org/doi/10.1145/3065386
  608. “Found in translation: More accurate, fluent sentences in Google Translate” by Barak Turovsky, Google Blog, 2016 https://www.blog.google/products/translate/found-translation-more-accurate-fluent-sentences-google-translate/
  609. “The Heroes of CRISPR” by Eric S. Lander, Cell, 2016 https://www.broadinstitute.org/files/news/pdfs/PIIS0092867415017055.pdf
  610. “Genetic scissors: a tool for rewriting the code of life”, Nobel Prize Organization, 2020 https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/chemistry/2020/popular-information/
  611. “Clearance of p16Ink4a-positive senescent cells delays ageing-associated disorders” by Darren J. Baker et al, Nature, 2011 https://www.nature.com/articles/nature10600
  612. “The new science of ageing”, Royal Society, 2010 https://royalsociety.org/science-events-and-lectures/2010/science-ageing/
  613. “We Know How You Feel” by Raffi Khatchadourian, The New Yorker, 2015 https://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2015/01/19/know-feel
  614. Girl Decoded: My Quest to Make Technology Emotionally Intelligent – and Change the Way We Interact Forever by Rana el Kaliouby, Penguin Business, 2020
  615. “0.18-micron Technology” TSMC https://www.tsmc.com/english/dedicatedFoundry/technology/logic/l_018micron
  616. “IBM, Intel wrangle at 90 nm” by David Lammers, EE Times, 2002 https://www.eetimes.com/ibm-intel-wrangle-at-90-nm
  617. “Forget 5nm, TSMC already has its eyes on 2nm chips” by Georgi Zarkov, Phone Arena, 2020 https://www.phonearena.com/news/TSMC-2nm-chip-research-development-ongoing_id124111
  618. “Intel’s Manufacturing Roadmap from 2019 to 2029: Back Porting, 7nm, 5nm, 3nm, 2nm, and 1.4nm” by Ian Cutress, Anand Tech, 2019 https://www.anandtech.com/show/15217/intels-manufacturing-roadmap-from-2019-to-2029
  619. “Cramming more components onto integrated circuits” by Gordon E. Moore, Electronics, 1965 https://newsroom.intel.com/wp-content/uploads/sites/11/2018/05/moores-law-electronics.pdf
  620. “Beyond Moore’s Law: 3D Silicon Circuits Take Transistor Arrays Into the Third Dimension” by University of Michigan, Scitech Daily, 2019 https://scitechdaily.com/beyond-moores-law-3d-silicon-circuits-take-transistor-arrays-into-the-third-dimension
  621. “The future of electronics is light” by Arnab Hazari, The Conversation, 2016 https://theconversation.com/the-future-of-electronics-is-light-68903
  622. “We’re not prepared for the end of Moore’s Law” by David Rotman, MIT Technology Review, 2020 https://www.technologyreview.com/2020/02/24/905789/were-not-prepared-for-the-end-of-moores-law/
  623. “Quantum computing for the qubit curious” by Cathal O’Connell, Cosmos, 2019 https://cosmosmagazine.com/physics/quantum-computing-for-the-qubit-curious/
  624. “Quantum Machine Learning”, EdX https://www.edx.org/course/quantum-machine-learning
  625. “IBM promises 1000-qubit quantum computer – a milestone – by 2023” by Adrian Cho, Science, 2020 https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2020/09/ibm-promises-1000-qubit-quantum-computer-milestone-2023
  626. “China Stakes Its Claim to Quantum Supremacy” by Tom Simonite, Wired, 2020 https://cosmosmagazine.com/physics/quantum-computing-for-the-qubit-curious/
  627. “Nobody agrees on how to build a quantum computer” by Michael Brooks, Protocol, 2020 https://www.protocol.com/manuals/quantum-computing/nobody-agrees-on-how-to-build-quantum-computer
  628. “Ribosome”, British Society for Cell Biology https://bscb.org/learning-resources/softcell-e-learning/ribosome/
  629. Engines of Creation: The Coming Era of Nanotechnology by K. Eric Drexler, Doubleday, 1986
  630. “Press release: The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2016”, Nobel Prize Organization, 2016 https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/chemistry/2016/press-release/
  631. “Against Transhumanism: The delusion of technological transcendence” by Richard A.L. Jones, Soft Machines, 2016 http://www.softmachines.org/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2016/04/Against_Transhumanism_1.0_small.pdf
  632. “Deep learning godfathers Bengio, Hinton, and LeCun say the field can fix its flaws” by Tiernan Ray, ZDNet, 2020 https://www.zdnet.com/article/deep-learning-godfathers-bengio-hinton-and-lecun-say-the-field-can-fix-its-flaws/
  633. Nano Comes to Life: How Nanotechnology Is Transforming Medicine and the Future of Biology by Sonia Contera, Princeton University Press, 2019
  634. “Room-Temperature Superconductivity Achieved for the First Time” by Charlie Wood, Quanta Magazine, 2020 https://www.quantamagazine.org/physicists-discover-first-room-temperature-superconductor-20201014/
  635. “Press release”, Nobel Prize Organization, 2010 https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/physics/2010/press-release/
  636. “Nanosensors: Latest Research and Reviews”, Nature Research, 2020 https://www.nature.com/subjects/nanosensors
  637. “DNA Data Storage Is Closer Than You Think” by Sang Yup Lee, Scientific American, 2019 https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/dna-data-storage-is-closer-than-you-think/
  638. “Delivering DNA origami to cells” by Dhanasekaran Balakrishnan, Gerrit D. Wilkens, and Jonathan G. Heddle, Future Medicine, 2019 https://www.futuremedicine.com/doi/full/10.2217/nnm-2018-0440
  639. “Deciphering the Genetic Code”, American Chemical Society, 2009 https://www.acs.org/content/acs/en/education/whatischemistry/landmarks/geneticcode.html
  640. “Marshall W. Nirenberg”, Nobel Prize Organization, 1968 https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/medicine/1968/nirenberg/facts/
  641. “Public Reactions to the Genetic Code, 1961-1968”, The Marshall W. Nirenberg Papers, U.S. National Library of Medicine https://profiles.nlm.nih.gov/spotlight/jj/feature/publicreaction
  642. Available as a chapter in The Next Fifty Years: Science in the First Half of the Twenty-First Century edited by John Brockman, Vintage Books, 2002
  643. “DNA Sequencing Costs: Data”, National Human Genome Research Institute https://www.genome.gov/about-genomics/fact-sheets/DNA-Sequencing-Costs-Data
  644. “The Man Behind Next-Generation Sequencing” by Clara Rodríguez Fernández, LabIOtech, 2019 https://www.labiotech.eu/interviews/next-generation-sequencing-nick-mccooke/
  645. “Next-Generation Sequencing Methods” by T. Rajesh and M. Jaya, Current Developments in Biotechnology and Bioengineering, 2017 https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780444636676000079
  646. “Press release”, Nobel Prize Organization, 2012 https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/medicine/2012/press-release/
  647. “The Hallmarks of Aging” by Carlos López-Otín et al, Cell, 2013 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3836174/
  648. Ageless: The New Science of Getting Older Without Getting Old by Andrew Steele, Doubleday Books, 2020
  649. The Abolition of Aging: The forthcoming radical extension of healthy human longevity by David W. Wood, Delta Wisdom, 2016
  650. “The Burden of Disease and the Changing Task of Medicine” by David S. Jones et al, New England Journal of Medicine, 2012 https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMp1113569
  651. “Juvenescence raises another $100m to invest in longevity” by Clive Cookson, Financial Times, 2019 https://www.ft.com/content/ddec6a10-c046-11e9-b350-db00d509634e
  652. “Computers Are Useless. They Can Only Give You Answers”, Quote Investigator, 2011 https://quoteinvestigator.com/2011/11/05/computers-useless/
  653. “Is artificial intelligence set to become art’s next medium?” Christies, 2018 https://www.christies.com/features/A-collaboration-between-two-artists-one-human-one-a-machine-9332-1.aspx
  654. “How AI-Generated Music Is Changing The Way Hits Are Made” by Dani Deahl, The Verge, 2018 https://www.theverge.com/2018/8/31/17777008/artificial-intelligence-taryn-southern-amper-music
  655. “An album in the style of The Beatles, generated by OpenAI Jukebox” YouTube, 2020 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yZu24pddzwk
  656. “Alpha Zero’s ‘Alien’ Chess Shows the Power, and the Peculiarity, of AI” by Will Knight, MIT Technology Review, 2017 https://www.technologyreview.com/2017/12/08/147199/alpha-zeros-alien-chess-shows-the-power-and-the-peculiarity-of-ai/
  657. “AlphaZero: How Intuition Demolished Logic” by Carloz Perez, Intuition Machine, 2017 https://medium.com/intuitionmachine/alphazero-how-intuition-demolished-logic-66a4841e6810
  658. “Meet GPT-3. It Has Learned to Code (and Blog and Argue)” by Cade Metz, New York Times, 2020 https://www.nytimes.com/2020/11/24/science/artificial-intelligence-ai-gpt3.html
  659. “It seems that GPT-3 has its own sense of humor, more of an anti-humor in fact” By nullc, Y Combinator Hacker News, 2020 https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=24007784
  660. “18 Impressive Applications of Generative Adversarial Networks (GANs)” by Jason Brownlee, Machine Learning Mastery, 2019 https://machinelearningmastery.com/impressive-applications-of-generative-adversarial-networks/
  661. “Combining GANs and reinforcement learning for drug discovery” by Insilico Medicine, EurekAlert, 2018 https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-05/imi-cga050918.php
  662. “The incredible life of DeepMind founder Demis Hassabis” by Sam Shead, Business Insider, 2017 https://www.businessinsider.com/the-incredible-life-of-deepmind-cofounder-demis-hassabis-2017-5
  663. “Neuroscience-Inspired Artificial Intelligence” by Demis Hassabis et al, DeepMind, 2017 https://deepmind.com/research/publications/neuroscience-inspired-artificial-intelligence
  664. A Thousand Brains: A New Theory of Intelligence by Jeff Hawkins, Basic Books, 2021
  665. “Why Is the Human Brain So Efficient?” by Liqun Luo, Nautilus, 2018 http://nautil.us/issue/59/connections/why-is-the-human-brain-so-efficient
  666. “Neuromorphic Computing”, Intel https://www.intel.co.uk/content/www/uk/en/research/neuromorphic-computing.html
  667. “Quantum computing should supercharge this machine-learning technique” by Will Knight, MIT Technology Review, 2019 https://www.technologyreview.com/2019/03/13/136628/quantum-computing-should-supercharge-this-machine-learning-technique/
  668. “How may quantum computing affect Artificial Intelligence?”, BBVA, 2020 https://www.bbva.com/en/how-may-quantum-computing-affect-artificial-intelligence/
  669. The Hidden Spring: A Journey to the Source of Consciousness by Mark Solms, WW Norton Company, 2021
  670. Artificial You: AI and the Future of Your Mind by Susan Schneider, Princeton University Press, 2019
  671. The Book of Why: The New Science of Cause and Effect by Judea Pearl and Dana Mackenzie, Allen Lane, 2018
  672. “Probabilistic Programming and the Art of the Possible” by Michael Kozlov and Ashish Kulkarni, World Quant, 2019 https://www.weareworldquant.com/en/thought-leadership/probabilistic-programming-and-the-art-of-the-possible/
  673. “The next wave: Probabilistic programming” by Stuart Russell, CogX YouTube, 2021 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YYFbPQiLlxk
  674. “About SingularityNET” https://singularitynet.io/aboutus/
  675. “Mark Zuckerberg on Facebook’s Future” by Steven Levy, Wired, 2014 https://www.wired.com/2014/04/zuckerberg-f8-interview/
  676. Human Compatible: Artificial Intelligence and the Problem of Control by Stuart Russell, Viking, 2019
  677. “Jean M. Hebert, Ph.D.” Albert Einstein College of Medicine https://www.einsteinmed.org/faculty/9069/jean-hebert
  678. “How the Catholic Church came to oppose birth control” by Lisa McClain, The Conversation, 2018 https://theconversation.com/how-the-catholic-church-came-to-oppose-birth-control-95694
  679. Proverbs 13:24
  680. A Rumor of Angels: Modern Society and the Rediscovery of the Supernatural by Peter L. Berger, Doubleday, 1969
  681. Leviticus 20:9
  682. “The relevance of Gandhi in the capitalism debate” by Oliver Balch, The Guardian, 2013 https://www.theguardian.com/sustainable-business/blog/relevance-gandhi-capitalism-debate-rajni-bakshi
  683. “Red in tooth and claw” by Gary Martin, The Phrase Finder https://www.phrases.org.uk/meanings/red-in-tooth-and-claw.html
  684. “To Asa Gray, 22 May” by Charles Darwin, 1860 https://www.darwinproject.ac.uk/letter/DCP-LETT-2814.xml
  685. “All Things Dull And Ugly Lyrics”, Lyrics Depot http://www.lyricsdepot.com/monty-python/all-things-dull-and-ugly.html
  686. “About Humanists International” https://humanists.international/about/
  687. “What is humanism?” Humanists International https://humanists.international/what-is-humanism/
  688. The Righteous Mind: Why Good People are Divided by Politics and Religion by Jonathan Haidt, Pantheon, 2012
  689. The Moral Landscape: How Science Can Determine Human Values by Sam Harris, Free Press, 2010
  690. “The Transhumanist FAQ, v2.1” by Nick Bostrom, World Transhumanist Association, 2003 https://www.nickbostrom.com/views/transhumanist.pdf
  691. “Transhumanist Values” by Nick Bostrom, Ethical Issues for the 21st Century, 2003 https://www.nickbostrom.com/ethics/values.html
  692. “Overpopulation and Near-Future Tech” by Nicola Bagalà, Lifespan IO, 2021 https://www.lifespan.io/news/lifextenshow-overpopulation-and-near-future-tech/
  693. “Transhumanist Declaration”, Humanity+, 2009 https://humanityplus.org/philosophy/transhumanist-declaration/
  694. This banner has been removed from that particular site, but a Google image search for the phrase “Victory of transhumanism is inevitable” will find other examples. See also the commentary in “Transhumanism has never been modern” by Richard Jones, Soft Machines, 2014 http://www.softmachines.org/wordpress/?p=1549
  695. “Kurzweil Claims That the Singularity Will Happen by 2045” by Christianna Reedy, Futurism, 2017 https://futurism.com/kurzweil-claims-that-the-singularity-will-happen-by-2045
  696. “Transhumanist FAQ”, Humanity+ https://humanityplus.org/transhumanism/transhumanist-faq/
  697. “Reject the Deadly Precautionary Principle: Approve All Covid-19 Vaccines Immediately!” by Gennady Stolyarov II, U.S. Transhumanist Party, 2020 https://transhumanist-party.org/2020/12/15/reject-precautionary-principle/
  698. Extra Life: A Short History of Living Longer by Steven Johnson, Riverhead, 2021
  699. “In Praise of Industrial Policy” by Francis Fukuyama, American Purpose, 2021 https://www.americanpurpose.com/blog/fukuyama/in-praise-of-industrial-policy/
  700. “What Would It Mean for Humans to Become Data?” by Joelle Renstrom, Slate, 2019 https://slate.com/technology/2019/07/years-and-years-finale-bethany-transhumanist.html
  701. “Principle 15”, Rio Declaration on Environment and Development 1992 https://www.jus.uio.no/lm/environmental.development.rio.declaration.1992/15.html
  702. “The Perils of Precaution” by Max More, 2010 https://web.archive.org/web/20101208083349/http://www.maxmore.com/perils.htm
  703. “The Proactionary Principle, Version 1.2” by Max More, 2005 https://web.archive.org/web/20110709213137/http://www.maxmore.com/proactionary.htm
  704. Superintelligence: Paths, Dangers, Strategies by Nick Bostrom, Oxford University Press, 2014
  705. The Proactionary Imperative: A foundation for transhumanism by Steve Fuller and Veronika Lipinska, Palgrave Macmillan, 2014
  706. “Book Review Symposium: Steve Fuller and Veronika Lipińska, The Proactionary Imperative: A Foundation for Transhumanism” by Matthew David and Dora Meredith, Sociology, 2015 https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0038038515611312
  707. “21 Historical Figures You Didn’t Know Supported the Eugenics Movement” by Kara Goldfarb, All That’s Interesting, 2018 https://allthatsinteresting.com/eugenics-movement
  708. “Law for the Prevention of Offspring with Hereditary Diseases (July 14, 1933)”, German History in Documents and Images http://germanhistorydocs.ghi-dc.org/pdf/eng/English30.pdf
  709. “Deadly Medicine: Creating the Master Race”, United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, https://encyclopedia.ushmm.org/content/en/article/deadly-medicine-creating-the-master-race
  710. “Julian Huxley and the Continuity of Eugenics in Twentieth-century Britain” by Paul Weindling, Journal of Modern European History, 2012 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4366572/
  711. “The irrationality of transhumanists” by Susan B. Levin, IAI News, 2021 https://iai.tv/articles/the-irrationality-of-transhumanists-auid-1701
  712. “Playing to lose: transhumanism, autonomy, and liberal democracy” by Susan B. Levin, OUP Blog, 2021 https://blog.oup.com/2021/01/playing-to-lose-transhumanism-autonomy-and-liberal-democracy-long-read/
  713. “Beyond Transhumanism: The Dangers of Transhumanist Philosophies on Human and Nonhuman Beings” by Benjamin Shane Evans, Iowa State University, 2017 https://lib.dr.iastate.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=6307&context=etd
  714. The Transhumanist Wager by Zoltan Istvan, self-published, 2013
  715. “Book review | The Transhumanist Wager” by Giulio Prisco, Kurzweil AI, 2013 https://www.kurzweilai.net/book-review-the-transhumanist-wager
  716. “NEWS FLASH: The Transhumanist Wager is NOT Zoltan Istvan’s Political Manifesto” by Chris T. Armstrong, Continuity of Consciousness, 2016 https://carmstrong1959blog.wordpress.com/2016/02/12/news-flash-the-transhumanist-wager-is-not-zoltan-istvans-political-manifesto/
  717. “A muscular new kid on the block” by David Wood, dw2blog, 2013 https://dw2blog.com/2013/12/22/a-muscular-new-kid-on-the-block/
  718. “Six Signs of Scientism” by Susan Haack, Logos and Episteme, 2012 https://philpapers.org/rec/HAASSO
  719. “Steven Poole takes issue with linguist Steven Pinker’s language” by Steven Poole, The Guardian, 2013 https://www.theguardian.com/books/2013/aug/23/steven-pinker-language-poole
  720. “Philosophy”, Humanity+ https://humanityplus.org/philosophy/
  721. “Definitions of Transhumanism” collected by Anders Sandberg, https://www.aleph.se/Trans/Intro/definitions.html
  722. “I’ll speak at TransVision 2019, July 6–7 in London” by Giulio Prisco, Turing Church, 2019 https://turingchurch.net/ill-speak-at-transvision-2019-july-6-7-in-london-f033ea85377f
  723. Available at https://goertzel.org/CosmistManifesto_July2010.pdf
  724. “Psychology’s Replication Crisis Is Running Out of Excuses” by Ed Yong, The Atlantic, 2018 https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2018/11/psychologys-replication-crisis-real/576223/
  725. Bad Pharma: How Drug Companies Mislead Doctors and Harm Patients by Ben Goldacre, Fourth Estate, 2012
  726. “The 7 biggest problems facing science, according to 270 scientists” by Julia Belluz, Brad Plumer, and Brian Resnick, Vox, 2016 https://www.vox.com/2016/7/14/12016710/science-challeges-research-funding-peer-review-process
  727. “Are your findings ‘WEIRD’?” by B. Azar, American Psychological Association, 2010 https://www.apa.org/monitor/2010/05/weird
  728. “FAQ: Technocracy” by Patrick Wood, Technocracy News https://www.technocracy.news/faq-2/
  729. Technocracy Rising: The Trojan Horse of Global Transformation by Patrick M. Wood, Coherent Publishing. 2014
  730. “The Siamese Twins of Technocracy and Transhumanism” by Patrick Wood, Technocracy News, 2020 https://www.technocracy.news/the-siamese-twins-of-technocracy-and-transhumanism/
  731. “Transhumanism & AI: Utopia or a Nightmare in the Making?” by Francois Zammit, Isles of the Left, 2018 https://www.islesoftheleft.org/transhumanism-ai-utopia-or-a-nightmare-in-the-making/
  732. “The problem with utopias” by Michael Shermer, Aeon, 2018 https://theweek.com/articles/760689/problem-utopias
  733. The Inevitable: Understanding the 12 Technological Forces That Will Shape Our Future by Kevin Kelly, Viking, 2016
  734. “Extropy Magazines” https://hpluspedia.org/wiki/Extropy_Magazines
  735. “The Extropian Principles version 3.0” https://web.archive.org/web/20170415055109/http://vency.com/EXtropian3.htm
  736. “Principles of Extropy version 3.11” https://web.archive.org/web/20110806105153/http://www.extropy.org/principles.htm
  737. “H+: True Transhumanism” http://www.metanexus.net/essay/h-true-transhumanism
  738. Homo Deus: A Brief History of Tomorrow by Yuval Noah Harari, Harvill Secker, 2016
  739. “Transhumanism” by Francis Fukuyama, Foreign Policy, 2009 https://foreignpolicy.com/2009/10/23/transhumanism/
  740. “Do Amish use technology?” Amish America https://amishamerica.com/do-amish-use-technology/
  741. “Prospects for a transhuman mind?” Leda Cosmides in conversation with Natasha Mitchell, ABC All in the Mind, 2007 https://www.abc.net.au/radionational/programs/allinthemind/prospects-for-a-transhuman-mind/3391110
  742. “Leslie E. Orgel Biographical Memoirs” by Jack D. Dunitz and Gerald F. Joyce, Nasa Online, 2007 http://www.nasonline.org/publications/biographical-memoirs/memoir-pdfs/orgel-leslie.pdf
  743. Reviewed in Chapter 4 of my 2016 book The Abolition of Aging
  744. “Pleiotropy, Natural Selection, and the Evolution of Senescence” by George C. Williams, Evolution, 1957 https://www.jstor.org/stable/2406060
  745. “Genetic syndromes in man with potential relevance to the pathobiology of aging” by George M. Martin, Birth Defects Original Article Series, 1978 https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/147113/
  746. “Genetic analysis of life-span in Caenorhabditis elegans” by Thomas E. Johnson and William B. Wood, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 1982 http://sageke.sciencemag.org/cgi/reprint/2001/1/cp6.pdf
  747. “Evolutionary Theories of Aging and Longevity” by Leonid A. Gavrilov and Natalia S. Gavrilova, The Scientific World, 2002 http://longevity-science.org/Evolution.htm
  748. “Unfit for the future: The urgent need for moral enhancement” by Julian Savulescu and Ingmar Persson, Philosophy Now, 2012 https://blog.oup.com/2012/08/unfit-future-moral-enhancement/
  749. “Facing the Challenges of Transhumanism: Philosophical, Religious, and Ethical Considerations” by Hava Tirosh-Samuelson, Metanexus, 2007 https://www.metanexus.net/facing-challenges-transhumanism-philosophical-religious-and-ethical-considerations/
  750. “The Hedonistic Imperative” by David Pearce https://www.hedweb.com/
  751. “Transforming Transhumanism” by David North, University of Chicago Philosophy Review, 2019 https://web.archive.org/web/20201128013418/https://ucpr.blog/2019/06/06/transforming-transhumanism/
  752. “Artificial intelligence, transhumanism, and rival salvations” by Ted Peters, Lutheran Alliance for Faith, Science and Technology, 2019 https://luthscitech.org/artificial-intelligence-transhumanism-and-rival-salvations/
  753. “Why the Future Doesn’t Need Us” by Bill Joy, Wired, 2000 https://www.wired.com/2000/04/joy-2/
  754. “H-: Transhumanism and the Posthuman Future: Will Technological Progress Get Us There?” by Ted Peters, Metanexus, 2011 https://www.metanexus.net/h-transhumanism-and-posthuman-future-will-technological-progress-get-us-there/
  755. “H+: Trite Truths About Technology: A Reply to Ted Peters” by Russell Blackford, Metanexus, 2011 https://metanexus.net/h-trite-truths-about-technology-reply-ted-peters/
  756. Life 3.0: Being Human in the Age of Artificial Intelligence by Max Tegmark, Knopf, 2017
  757. Artificial You: AI and the Future of Your Mind by Susan Schneider, Princeton University Press, 2019
  758. “The New Eugenics of Transhumanism: A Feminist Assessment” by Nikila Lakshmanan, Gender Forum, 2018 http://genderforum.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/5_Lakshmanan_Transhumanism.pdf
  759. “Killings of police and polio workers halt Pakistan vaccine drive” by Lucy Lamble, The Guardian, 2019 https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2019/apr/30/killings-of-police-and-polio-workers-halt-vaccine-drive-in-pakistan
  760. “Feeding the gods: Hundreds of skulls reveal massive scale of human sacrifice in Aztec capital” by Lizzie Wade, Science, 2018 https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2018/06/feeding-gods-hundreds-skulls-reveal-massive-scale-human-sacrifice-aztec-capital
  761. “The Four Noble Truths”, BBC, 2009 https://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/buddhism/beliefs/fournobletruths_1.shtml
  762. Discourses of Epictetus, https://archive.org/stream/epictetus02epicuoft#page/140/mode/2up/search/freedom
  763. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Meditations
  764. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Serenity_Prayer
  765. “Acceptance is the first step toward change” by Sunada Takagi, Mindful Purpose, 2010 http://www.mindfulpurpose.com/personal-change/acceptance-is-the-first-step-toward-change
  766. “The Stoic: 9 Principles to Help You Keep Calm in Chaos” by Paul Jun, 99u http://99u.com/articles/24401/a-makers-guidebook-9-stoic-principles-to-nurture-your-life-and-work
  767. Luke 10:25-37
  768. New Bottles for New Wine by Julian Huxley, Chatto and Windus, 1957 https://archive.org/details/NewBottlesForNewWine
  769. “History of ‘transhumanism’” by Peter Harrison and Joseph Wolyniak, Notes and Queries, 2015 https://www.academia.edu/13997038/History_of_transhumanism
  770. “Knowledge, Morality, and Destiny” by Julian Huxley, Psychiatry, 1951 https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00332747.1951.11022818?journalCode=upsy20
  771. “WTA changes its image” by Russell Blackford, 2008, Metamagician and The Hellfire Club http://metamagician3000.blogspot.com/2008/07/wta-changes-its-image.html
  772. “Rapture of the nerds: will the Singularity turn us into gods or end the human race?” by Ben Popper, The Verge, 2012 https://www.theverge.com/2012/10/22/3535518/singularity-rapture-of-the-nerds-gods-end-human-race
  773. Two examples are the Christian Transhumanist Association, https://www.christiantranshumanism.org/, and the Mormon Transhumanist Association, https://transfigurism.org/
  774. “Democracy is The Worst Form of Government” by Richard M. Langworth https://richardlangworth.com/worst-form-of-government
  775. “We didn’t think much of Lincoln at Gettysburg” by Rose Wild, The Times, 2017 https://www.thetimes.co.uk/article/we-didn-t-think-much-of-lincoln-at-gettysburg-b9tptwfvw
  776. “Constitution du 4 octobre 1958” https://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/loda/article_lc/LEGIARTI000006527453/
  777. “10 of the best Tony Benn quotes – as picked by our readers” by James Walsh, The Guardian, 2014 https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2014/mar/15/10-of-the-best-tony-benn-quotes-as-picked-by-our-readers
  778. “Tony Benn and the Five Essential Questions of Democracy” by John Nichols, The Nation, 2014 https://www.thenation.com/article/tony-benn-and-five-essential-questions-democracy/
  779. “Famous Words Churchill Never Said” by Michael Richards https://www.winstonchurchill.org/publications/finest-hour/finest-hour-141/history-detectives-red-herrings-famous-words-churchill-never-said
  780. “German federal election, March 1933” https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/German_federal_election,_March_1933
  781. “Was Hitler democratically elected?” by Eike Pierstorff, Die Beste Aller Zeiten, 2009 http://diebesteallerzeiten.de/blog/2009/02/19/was-hitler-democratically-elected/
  782. “German referendum, 1934” https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/German_referendum,_1934
  783. “Hitler Was Elected President in a Democratic Election: Myth” by Thomas DeMichele, Fact/Myth, 2016 http://factmyth.com/factoids/hitler-was-elected-in-a-democratic-election/
  784. “The Only Thing Necessary for the Triumph of Evil is that Good Men Do Nothing” by Garson O’Toole, Quote Investigator, 2010 https://quoteinvestigator.com/2010/12/04/good-men-do/
  785. “Benjamin Franklin”, Wikiquote https://en.wikiquote.org/wiki/Benjamin_Franklin
  786. “Leviathan”, Chapter XIII: http://www.bartleby.com/34/5/13.html
  787. “What Would Milton Friedman Do About Climate Change? Tax Carbon” by Jeff McMahon, Forbes, 2014 https://www.forbes.com/sites/jeffmcmahon/2014/10/12/what-would-milton-friedman-do-about-climate-change-tax-carbon
  788. “Fragment on Government (July 1, 1854)” by Abraham Lincoln, Lincoln’s Writings http://housedivided.dickinson.edu/sites/lincoln/fragment-on-government-july-1-1854/
  789. American Amnesia: Business, Government, and the Forgotten Roots of Our Prosperity by Jacob S. Hacker and Paul Pierson, Simon & Schuster, 2016
  790. Letter “To the Shareholders of Berkshire Hathaway Inc” by Warren E. Buffett, 2003 https://www.berkshirehathaway.com/letters/2002pdf.pdf
  791. “Glossary of summaries: Subsidiarity”, EUR-Lex https://eur-lex.europa.eu/summary/glossary/subsidiarity.html
  792. “FIFA” https://www.fifa.com/
  793. “History of FIFA – Foundation” https://www.fifa.com/news/history-fifa-foundation-447
  794. “FIFA Member Associations” https://www.fifa.com/associations/
  795. “About ICAO” https://www.icao.int/about-icao/
  796. “New ICAO-LACAC air cargo liberalization agreement to bolster regional vaccine transport long-term recovery” ICAO, 2020 https://www.icao.int/Newsroom/Pages/New-ICAO-LACAC-air-cargo-liberalization-agreement-to-bolster-regional-vaccine-transport-long-term-recovery-.aspx
  797. “Declaration concerning the prohibition of the use of projectiles with the sole object to spread asphyxiating poisonous gases”, Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs https://web.archive.org/web/20130831162027/http://www.minbuza.nl/en/key-topics/treaties/search-the-treaty-database/1899/7/002422.html
  798. “Chemical Warfare and Medical Response During World War I” by Gerard J. Fitzgerald, American Journal of Public Health, 2008 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2376985/
  799. “Dulce et Decorum Est” by Wilfred Owen, The War Poetry Website http://www.warpoetry.co.uk/owen1.html
  800. “Protocol for the Prohibition of the Use in War of Asphyxiating, Poisonous or Other Gases, and of Bacteriological Methods of Warfare” United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs http://disarmament.un.org/treaties/t/1925
  801. “Air raid on Bari”, Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Air_raid_on_Bari
  802. “OPCW by the Numbers”, OPCW, https://www.opcw.org/media-centre/opcw-numbers
  803. “The Nobel Peace Prize for 2013”, Nobel Prize Organisation, https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/peace/2013/press-release/
  804. “Preventing the Re-Emergence of Chemical Weapons” OPCW https://www.opcw.org/work/preventing-re-emergence-chemical-weapons
  805. “Chronicle of the World Health Organization”, United Nations, 1947 https://web.archive.org/web/20070809031008/http://whqlibdoc.who.int/hist/chronicles/chronicle_1947.pdf
  806. “At the Roots of The World Health Organization’s Challenges: Politics and Regionalization” by Elizabeth Fee, Marcu Cueto, and Theodore M. Brown, American Journal of Public Health, 2016 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5055806/
  807. “A Cold War Vaccine: Albert Sabin, Russia, and the oral polio vaccine” by James L. Franklin, Hektoen International, 2020 https://hekint.org/2020/05/11/a-cold-war-vaccine-albert-sabin-russia-and-the-oral-polio-vaccine/
  808. “Mikhail Chumakov”, Russia-IC http://russia-ic.com/people/general/c/375
  809. “The best person who ever lived is an unknown Ukrainian man” by William MacAskill, Boing Boing, 2015 https://boingboing.net/2015/07/30/the-best-person-who-ever-lived.html
  810. “A Pox on Your Narrative: Writing Disease Control into Cold War History” by Erez Manela, Diplomatic History, 2010 https://academic.oup.com/dh/article/34/2/299/432057
  811. “At the height of the Cold War, the US and Soviet Union worked together to eradicate smallpox” by Sean B. Carroll, World Economic Forum, 2016 https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2016/07/at-the-height-of-the-cold-war-the-us-and-soviet-union-worked-together-to-eradicate-smallpox/
  812. “Smallpox: Eradicating an ancient scourge”, WHO https://www.who.int/about/bugs_drugs_smoke_chapter_1_smallpox.pdf
  813. “Encroaching Control: Keep Government Poor and Remain Free” by Ronald Reagan, Orange County California Press Club, 1961 https://cdn.cnsnews.com/documents/Encroaching%20Control-Keep%20Government%20Poor%20And%20Remain%20Free-Ronald%20Reagan-07-28-61.pdf
  814. “President Reagan: Speech to the House of Commons, June 8, 1982” Fordham University https://sourcebooks.fordham.edu/mod/1982reagan1.asp
  815. “Ronald Reagan, ‘Evil Empire Speech’ (8 March 1983)” Voices of Democracy http://voicesofdemocracy.umd.edu/reagan-evil-empire-speech-text/
  816. “Address to the Nation on Defense and National Security”, Ronald Reagan, 1983, Ronald Reagan Presidential Library https://www.reaganlibrary.gov/archives/speech/address-nation-defense-and-national-security
  817. “‘Star Wars’: How the Term Arose” New York Times, 1985 https://www.nytimes.com/1985/09/25/world/star-wars-how-the-term-arose.html
  818. “The Famous ‘We Begin Bombing’ Audio” by Corey Deitz, Radio About, 2004 https://web.archive.org/web/20130403121932/http://radio.about.com/od/funradiothingstodo/a/aa060503a.htm
  819. “Soviets Assail Reagan for ‘Monstrous’ Joke,” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, 1984 https://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1129&dat=19840816&id=6NVRAAAAIBAJ&sjid=Hm4DAAAAIBAJ&pg=3722,4149076&hl=en
  820. “Telling the Soviet Redemption Story: Ronald Reagan’s Changing Soviet Rhetoric” by Mark W. Lavoie, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 2016 https://www.ideals.illinois.edu/bitstream/handle/2142/95488/LAVOIE-DISSERTATION-2016.pdf
  821. “TV Interview for BBC (‘I like Mr. Gorbachev. We can do business together’)” Margaret Thatcher Foundation, 1984 https://www.margaretthatcher.org/document/105592
  822. An American Life by Robert Lindsay and Ronald Reagan, Simon & Schuster, 1990
  823. “1979: The Soviet Union deploys its SS20 missiles and NATO responds” by Jamie Shea, NATO, 2009 https://www.nato.int/cps/en/natohq/opinions_139274.htm
  824. “Korean Air Lines Flight 007”, Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Korean_Air_Lines_Flight_007
  825. “Declaring ‘this crime against humanity must never be forgotten’” by Jack Reed, UPI, 1983 https://www.upi.com/Archives/1983/09/05/Declaring-this-crime-against-humanity-must-never-be-forgotten/3399431582400/
  826. “The Day the World Didn’t End” by John Bull, Medium Lapsed Historian, 2016 https://medium.com/lapsed-historian/the-day-the-world-didnt-end-76b9deececcc
  827. “In 1983 ‘war scare,’ Soviet leadership feared nuclear surprise attack by U.S.” by David E. Hoffman, Washington Post, 2015 https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/in-1983-war-scare-soviet-leadership-feared-nuclear-surprise-attack-by-us/2015/10/24/15a289b4-7904-11e5-a958-d889faf561dc_story.html
  828. “A Cold War Conundrum: The 1983 Soviet War Scare” by Benjamin B. Fischer, CIA, 1997 https://www.cia.gov/static/4f74a357a4372cc542944cd39e5e30bc/Cold-War-Conundrum.pdf
  829. Memoirs by Andrei Gromyko, Doubleday, 1989
  830. “The Khrushchev/ Brezhnev Doctrine at Helsinki” by Harry Schwartz, The New York Times, 1975 https://www.nytimes.com/1975/08/05/archives/the-khrushchevbrezhnev-doctrine-at-helsinki.html
  831. “The Afghanistan war and the breakdown of the Soviet Union” by Rafael Reuveny and Aseem Prakash, Review of International Studies, 1999 http://faculty.washington.edu/aseem/afganwar.pdf
  832. Capitalism and Freedom by Milton Friedman, University of Chicago Press, 1962
  833. The Helsinki Effect: International Norms, Human Rights, and the Demise of Communism by Daniel C. Thomas, Princeton University Press, 2001
  834. Years of Renewal by Henry Kissinger, Simon & Schuster, 2012
  835. In Confidence: Moscow’s Ambassador to America’s Six Cold War Presidents (1962-1986) by Anatoly Dobrynin, Times Books, 1996
  836. Russia and the Idea of the West: Gorbachev, Intellectuals, and the End of the Cold War by Robert D. English, Columbia University Press, 2000
  837. “How the Soviet leader became a nuclear abolitionist” by Vladislav M. Zubok, Boston Review, 2000 https://bostonreview.net/forum/eliminating-danger/vladislav-m-zubok-gorbachev%E2%80%99s-nuclear-learning
  838. “The Chicxulub Asteroid Impact and Mass Extinction at the Cretaceous-Paleogene Boundary” by Peter Schulte et al, Science, 2010 http://doc.rero.ch/record/210367/files/PAL_E4389.pdf
  839. “Cretaceous–Paleogene extinction event”, Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cretaceous%E2%80%93Paleogene_extinction_event
  840. “Asteroid dust linked to Chicxulub crater confirms dinosaur extinction theory” by Rhys Blakely, The Times, 2021 https://www.thetimes.co.uk/article/asteroid-dust-linked-to-chicxulub-crater-confirms-dinosaur-extinction-theory-nz0fdpr2q
  841. “Counting the dead at Hiroshima and Nagasaki” by Alex Wellerstein, Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, 2020 https://thebulletin.org/2020/08/counting-the-dead-at-hiroshima-and-nagasaki/
  842. “Why a volcanic eruption caused a ‘year without a summer’ in 1816” by Ashley Strickland, CNN, 2019 https://edition.cnn.com/2019/09/17/world/tambora-eruption-year-without-summer-scn/
  843. The Last Great Subsistence Crisis in the Western World by John D. Post, Johns Hopkins University Press, 1977
  844. “The Atmosphere after a Nuclear War: Twilight at Noon” by Paul J. Crutzen and John W. Birks, Ambio, 1982 https://www.researchgate.net/publication/236736050_The_Atmosphere_after_a_Nuclear_War_Twilight_at_Noon
  845. “Nuclear Winter: Global Consequences of Multiple Nuclear Explosions” by R. P. Turco et al, Science, 1983 https://science.sciencemag.org/content/222/4630/1283
  846. “Specialists Detail ‘Nuclear Winter’” by Walter Sullivan, New York Times, 1983 https://www.nytimes.com/1983/12/26/us/specialists-detail-nuclear-winter.html
  847. “Cosmos (1979)” Cosmo Learning https://cosmolearning.org/documentaries/cosmos/
  848. “The 1978 Pulitzer Prize Winner in General Nonfiction” The Pulitzer Prizes https://www.pulitzer.org/winners/carl-sagan
  849. “When Carl Sagan Warned the World About Nuclear Winter” by Matthew R. Francis, Smithsonian Magazine, 2017 https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/when-carl-sagan-warned-world-about-nuclear-winter-180967198/
  850. “How the threat of nuclear winter changed the Cold War” by T.J. Raphael, The World, 2016 https://www.pri.org/stories/2016-04-05/how-threat-nuclear-winter-changed-cold-war
  851. “How the Soviet leader became a nuclear abolitionist” by Vladislav M. Zubok, Boston Review, 2000 https://bostonreview.net/forum/eliminating-danger/vladislav-m-zubok-gorbachev%E2%80%99s-nuclear-learning
  852. “The NHS does not have enough radiologists to keep patients safe, say three-in-four hospital imaging bosses” Royal College of Radiologists, 2019 https://www.rcr.ac.uk/posts/nhs-does-not-have-enough-radiologists-keep-patients-safe-say-three-four-hospital-imaging
  853. “Geoff Hinton: On Radiology”, Creative Destructive Lab, YouTube, 2016 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2HMPRXstSvQ
  854. “AI system outperforms experts in spotting breast cancer” by Ian Sample, The Guardian, 2020 https://www.theguardian.com/society/2020/jan/01/ai-system-outperforms-experts-in-spotting-breast-cancer
  855. The War on Normal People: The Truth About America’s Disappearing Jobs and Why Universal Basic Income Is Our Future by Andrew Yang, Hachette Books, 2018
  856. A World Without Work: Technology, Automation, and How We Should Respond by Daniel Susskind, Metropolitan Books, 2020
  857. Heart of the Machine: Our Future in a World of Artificial Emotional Intelligence by Richard Yonck, Arcade Publishing, 2017
  858. “Neuromorphic computing: The long path from roots to real life” by William Van Winkle, Venture Beat, 2020 https://venturebeat.com/2020/12/15/neuromorphic-computing-the-long-path-from-roots-to-real-life/
  859. See the argument in Chapter 10, “Towards Abundant Creativity”, of Sustainable Superabundance by David W. Wood, Delta Wisdom, 2019
  860. “From each according to his ability, to each according to his needs”, Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/From_each_according_to_his_ability,_to_each_according_to_his_needs
  861. “1936 Constitution of the USSR” Bucknell University http://www.departments.bucknell.edu/russian/const/36cons01.html
  862. “Critique of the Gotha Programme” by Karl Marx, 1875 https://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1875/gotha/ch01.htm
  863. “The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism” Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Protestant_Ethic_and_the_Spirit_of_Capitalism
  864. “FT interview with Google co-founder and CEO Larry Page” by Richard Waters, Financial Times, 2014 https://www.ft.com/content/3173f19e-5fbc-11e4-8c27-00144feabdc0
  865. “Economic Possibilities for our Grandchildren” by John Maynard Keynes, 1930, Panarchy http://www.panarchy.org/keynes/possibilities.html
  866. “Accelerating Change 2005” by P. Jammer, Live Journal, 2005 https://web.archive.org/web/20060327005000/http://pjammer.livejournal.com/151502.html
  867. “The Vulnerable World Hypothesis” by Nick Bostrom, Global Policy, 2019 https://nickbostrom.com/papers/vulnerable.pdf
  868. https://www.ipco.org.uk/
  869. https://isc.independent.gov.uk/
  870. This Is How They Tell Me the World Ends: The Cyberweapons Arms Race by Nicole Perlroth, Bloomsbury, 2021
  871. “Click Here to Kill Everyone” by Bruce Schneier, New York Magazine, 2017 https://nymag.com/intelligencer/2017/01/the-internet-of-things-dangerous-future-bruce-schneier.html
  872. “The key to industrial capitalism: limited liability”, The Economist, 1999 http://www.economist.com/node/347323
  873. “Monetary metamorphosis”, The Economist, 1999 http://www.economist.com/node/242113
  874. 1 Timothy 6:10
  875. “Celebrity Chef Mario Batali Says Bankers as Bad as Hitler, Stalin” by Jeff Bercovici, Forbes, 2011 https://www.forbes.com/sites/jeffbercovici/2011/11/08/celebrity-chef-mario-batali-says-bankers-as-bad-as-hitler-stalin
  876. Adults in the Room: My Battle With Europe’s Deep Establishment by Yanis Varoufakis, Random House, 2011
  877. How to Avoid a Climate Disaster: The Solutions We Have and the Breakthroughs We Need by Bill Gates, Allen Lane, 2021
  878. The Case for Climate Capitalism: Economic Solutions for a Planet in Crisis by Tom Rand, ECW Press, 2020
  879. The New Climate War: The Fight to Take Back Our Planet by Michael E. Mann, Public Affairs, 2021
  880. The Burning Question: We can’t burn half the world’s oil, coal and gas by Mike Berners-Lee and Duncan Clark, Profile Books, 2013
  881. Moneyland: Why Thieves and Crooks Now Rule the World and How To Take It Back by Oliver Bullough, Profile Books, 2018
  882. Bad People: And How to Be Rid of Them: A Plan B for Human Rights by Geoffrey Robertson, Biteback Publishing, 2021
  883. Red Notice: A True Story of High Finance, Murder, and One Man’s Fight for Justice by Bill Browder, Simon Schuster, 2014
  884. “Alexei Navalny calls for EU sanctions on Russian oligarchs” by Shaun Walker, The Guardian, 2020 https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/nov/27/alexei-navalny-calls-for-eu-sanctions-on-russian-oligarchs-abramovich-usmanov
  885. “A Foreign Policy for the American People” by Antony J. Blinken, U.S. Department of State, 2021 https://www.state.gov/a-foreign-policy-for-the-american-people/
  886. “Africa’s democracies deserve an invite” by Nicholas Westcott, Financial Times, 2021 https://www.ft.com/content/1622a950-3f92-4eaa-b4a5-a43c0943e05d
  887. Superminds: The Surprising Power of People and Computers Thinking Together by Thomas W. Malone, Little, Brown and Company, 2018
  888. The Alignment Problem: Machine Learning and Human Values by Brian Christian, W. W. Norton Company, 2020
  889. The People Vs Tech: How the Internet Is Killing Democracy (and How We Save It) by Jamie Bartlett, Ebury Press, 2018
  890. “How income inequality benefits everybody” by George F. Will, Washington Post, 2015 https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/how-income-inequality-benefits-everybody/2015/03/25/1122ee02-d255-11e4-a62f-ee745911a4ff_story.html
  891. “Income Inequality Is Good For The Poor” by Scott Winship, The Federalist, 2014 https://thefederalist.com/2014/11/05/income-inequality-is-good-for-the-poor/
  892. “Movie Speech”, American Rhetoric, 1987 https://www.americanrhetoric.com/MovieSpeeches/moviespeechwallstreet.html
  893. “Finian’s Rainbow (1968)”, IMDb https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0062974/characters/nm0000001
  894. “The bad behaviour of the richest: what I learned from wealth managers” by Brooke Harrington, The Guardian, 2018 https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2018/oct/19/billionaires-wealth-richest-income-inequality
  895. “Tribute to John von Neumann” by Stanislaw Ulam, Bulletin of the American Mathematical Society, 1958 https://www.ams.org/journals/bull/1958-64-03/S0002-9904-1958-10189-5/S0002-9904-1958-10189-5.pdf
  896. “A Beautiful Theory” by Tim Harford, Forbes, 2006 https://www.forbes.com/2006/12/10/business-game-theory-tech-cx_th_games06_1212harford.html
  897. Prisoner’s Dilemma: John Von Neumann, Game Theory, and the Puzzle of the Bomb by William Poundstone, Anchor Books, 1992
  898. The choice of the constant 2045 in this particular formula is a nod to predictions made by Ray Kurzweil. See for example “Kurzweil Claims That the Singularity Will Happen by 2045” by Christianna Reedy, Futurism, 2017 https://futurism.com/kurzweil-claims-that-the-singularity-will-happen-by-2045
  899. “James Clerk Maxwell, essay on Determinism and Free Will (1873)” by Greg Hammett, Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory https://w3.pppl.gov/~hammett/Maxwell/freewill.html
  900. “When Vernor Vinge Coined the Technological Singularity” by Nikola Danaylov, Singularity Weblog, 2012 https://www.singularityweblog.com/when-vernor-vinge-coined-the-technological-singularity/
  901. “Speculations on perceptrons and other automata” by I.J. Good, IBM Research Report, 1959 http://domino.research.ibm.com/library/cyberdig.nsf/papers/58DC4EA36A143C218525785E00502E30/$File/rc115.pdf
  902. “Some Moral and Technical Consequences of Automation” by Norbert Wiener, Science, 1960 https://science.sciencemag.org/content/131/3410/1355
  903. “Paperclip Maximizer”, Less Wrong https://www.lesswrong.com/tag/paperclip-maximizer
  904. “Speculations Concerning the First Ultraintelligent Machine” by Irving John Good, 1964 http://web.archive.org/web/20010527181244/http://www.aeiveos.com/~bradbury/Authors/Computing/Good-IJ/SCtFUM.html
  905. Our Final Invention: Artificial Intelligence and the End of the Human Era by James Barrat, Thomas Dunne Books, 2013
  906. Superintelligence: Paths, Dangers, Strategies by Nick Bostrom, Oxford University Press, 2014
  907. Artificial Superintelligence: A Futuristic Approach by Roman V. Yampolskiy, Chapman and Hall, 2017
  908. Human Compatible: Artificial Intelligence and the Problem of Control by Stuart Russell, Viking, 2019
  909. For background to the terms “Singularitarian” and “Singularitarianism” see “The Singularitarian Principles” by Eliezer S. Yudkowsky, 2001 https://web.archive.org/web/20081229202843/http://yudkowsky.net:80/obsolete/principles.html and “Singularitarianism”, Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Singularitarianism
  910. Perceptrons: An Introduction to Computational Geometry by Marvin Minsky and Seymour Papert, The MIT Press, 1969
  911. Genius Makers: The Mavericks Who Brought AI to Google, Facebook, and the World by Cade Metz, Dutton Books, 2021
  912. “Precautionary principles” by David Cox, The Guardian, 2008 https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2008/apr/19/precautionaryprinciples
  913. “Fear Review” by Luis Sanchos, Harper’s Magazine, 2008 https://harpers.org/archive/2008/06/fear-review/
  914. “LHC lawsuit case dismissed by US court” by Lisa Zyga, Phys Org, 2010 https://phys.org/news/2010-09-lhc-lawsuit-case-dismissed-court.html
  915. “The Return of Radiation Man” by R. Eric Van Newkirk, Standing on the Shoulders of Giant Midgets, 2008 https://web.archive.org/web/20110708062855/http://shouldersofgiantmidgets.blogspot.com/2008/10/return-of-radiation-man.html
  916. “Asking a Judge to Save the World, and Maybe a Whole Lot More” by Dennis Overbye, The New York Times, 2008 https://www.nytimes.com/2008/03/29/science/29collider.html
  917. “Could the Large Hadron Collider make an Earth-killing black hole?” by Ethan Siegel, Medium, 2016 https://medium.com/starts-with-a-bang/could-the-large-hadron-collider-make-an-earth-killing-black-hole-1da6ee2bd7d9
  918. “The Safety of the LHC” https://home.cern/science/accelerators/large-hadron-collider/safety-lhc
  919. “Review of the Safety of LHC Collisions” by John Ellis et al, LHC Safety Assessment Group, 2008 http://lsag.web.cern.ch/LSAG-Report.pdf
  920. “Statement by the Executive Committee of the DPF on the Safety of Collisions at the Large Hadron Collider”, Division of Particles and Fields, American Physical Society, 2008 https://web.archive.org/web/20080909231642/http://www.aps.org/units/dpf/governance/reports/upload/lhc_saftey_statement.pdf
  921. “‘Where is everyone?’ – an account of Fermi’s question” by Eric M. Jones, Los Alamos National Laboratory, 1985 https://web.archive.org/web/20070629174738/http://www.fas.org/sgp/othergov/doe/lanl/la-10311-ms.pdf
  922. “The transcension hypothesis: Sufficiently advanced civilizations invariably leave our universe” by John M. Smart, Acta Astronautica, 2012 https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0094576511003304
  923. “Vacuum decay: the ultimate catastrophe” by Katie Mack, Cosmos, 2015 https://cosmosmagazine.com/physics/vacuum-decay-ultimate-catastrophe/
  924. METI = Messaging extra-terrestrial intelligence: http://meti.org/mission
  925. “Regarding messaging to extraterrestrial intelligence (METI) / active searches for extraterrestrial intelligence (active SETI)” by Armando Azua-Bustos et al, SETI at home https://setiathome.berkeley.edu/meti_statement_0.html
  926. “Shall We Shout Into the Cosmos?” by David Brin, 2006 https://www.davidbrin.com/nonfiction/setisearch.html
  927. “The Search For Extra-Terrestrial Intelligence: Should We Message ET?” by David Brin https://www.davidbrin.com/nonfiction/meti.html
  928. “String theorist Michio Kaku: ‘Reaching out to aliens is a terrible idea’” by Andrew Anthony, The Guardian, 2021 https://www.theguardian.com/science/2021/apr/03/string-theory-michio-kaku-aliens-god-equation-large-hadron-collider
  929. “Are You Living in a Computer Simulation?” by Nick Bostrom, Philosophical Quarterly, 2003 https://www.simulation-argument.com/simulation.html
  930. “20 years after ‘The Matrix’ hit theatres, another sequel is in the works. Many scientists and philosophers still think we’re living in a simulation” by Aylin Woodward, Business Insider, 2019 https://www.businessinsider.com/the-matrix-do-we-live-in-a-simulation-2019-4
  931. “Is life a video game? | Elon Musk | Code Conference 2016” Recode on YouTube https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2KK_kzrJPS8
  932. “Elon Musk says we may live in a simulation. Here’s how we might tell if he’s right” by Corey S. Powell, NBC News, 2018 https://www.nbcnews.com/mach/amp/ncna913926
  933. “The Simulation Hypothesis is Pseudoscience” by Sabine Hossenfelder, Backreaction, 2021 http://backreaction.blogspot.com/2021/02/the-simulation-hypothesis-is.html
  934. “Simulated Universe Nonsense (The Penguin Argument)” by Singularity Utopia, Hplus Magazine, 2012 https://hplusmagazine.com/2012/11/09/simulation-nonsense/
  935. “Digital Physics vs. The Simulation Argument” by Eray Özkural, Examachine, 2013 https://examachine.net/blog/digital-physics-vs-simulation-argument/
  936. “The Simulation Argument FAQ” by Nick Bostrom, 2008 https://www.simulation-argument.com/faq.html
  937. “On testing the simulation theory” by Tom Campbell et al, Quantum Physics, 2017 https://arxiv.org/abs/1703.00058
  938. “How To Live In A Simulation” by Robin Hanson, Journal of Evolution and Technology, 2001 https://www.jetpress.org/volume7/simulation.pdf
  939. Quoted on https://www.simulation-argument.com/
  940. Tales of the Turing Church: Hacking religion, enlightening science, awakening technology by Giulio Prisco, independently published, 2020
  941. https://www.youtube.com/c/Londonfuturists/videos
  942. “Ring of Fire” https://pixabay.com/illustrations/ring-of-fire-circle-blue-fire-2141192/

Recent Posts

RAFT 2035 – a new initiative for a new decade

The need for a better politics is more pressing than ever.

Since its formation, Transpolitica has run a number of different projects aimed at building momentum behind a technoprogressive vision for a better politics. For a new decade, it’s time to take a different approach, to build on previous initiatives.

The planned new vehicle has the name “RAFT 2035”.

RAFT is an acronym:

  • Roadmap (‘R’) – not just a lofty aspiration, but specific steps and interim targets
  • towards Abundance (‘A’) for all – beyond a world of scarcity and conflict
  • enabling Flourishing (‘F’) as never before – with life containing not just possessions, but enriched experiences, creativity, and meaning
  • via Transcendence (‘T’) – since we won’t be able to make progress by staying as we are.

RAFT is also a metaphor. Here’s a copy of the explanation:

When turbulent waters are bearing down fast, it’s very helpful to have a sturdy raft at hand.

The fifteen years from 2020 to 2035 could be the most turbulent of human history. Revolutions are gathering pace in four overlapping fields of technology: nanotech, biotech, infotech, and cognotech, or NBIC for short. In combination, these NBIC revolutions offer enormous new possibilities – enormous opportunities and enormous risks:…

Rapid technological change tends to provoke a turbulent social reaction. Old certainties fade. New winners arrive on the scene, flaunting their power, and upturning previous networks of relationships. Within the general public, a sense of alienation and disruption mingles with a sense of profound possibility. Fear and hope jostle each other. Whilst some social metrics indicate major progress, others indicate major setbacks. The claim “You’ve never had it so good” coexists with the counterclaim “It’s going to be worse than ever”. To add to the bewilderment, there seems to be lots of evidence confirming both views.

The greater the pace of change, the more intense the dislocation. Due to the increased scale, speed, and global nature of the ongoing NBIC revolutions, the disruptions that followed in the wake of previous industrial revolutions – seismic though they were – are likely to be dwarfed in comparison to what lies ahead.

Turbulent times require a space for shelter and reflection, clear navigational vision despite the mists of uncertainty, and a powerful engine for us to pursue our own direction, rather than just being carried along by forces outside our control. In short, turbulent times require a powerful “raft” – a roadmap to a future in which the extraordinary powers latent in NBIC technologies are used to raise humanity to new levels of flourishing, rather than driving us over some dreadful precipice.

The words just quoted come from the opening page of a short book that is envisioned to be published in January 2020. The chapters of this book are reworked versions of the scripts used in the recent “Technoprogressive roadmap” series of videos.

Over the next couple of weeks, all the chapters of this proposed book will be made available for review and comment:

  • As pages on the Transpolitica website, starting here
  • As shared Google documents, starting here, where comments and suggestions are welcome.

RAFT Cover 21

All being well, RAFT 2035 will also become a conference, held sometime around the middle of 2020.

You may note that, in that way that RAFT 2035 is presented to the world,

  • The word “transhumanist” has moved into the background – since that word tends to provoke many hostile reactions
  • The word “technoprogressive” also takes a backseat – since, again, that word has negative connotations in at least some circles.

If you like the basic idea of what’s being proposed, here’s how you can help:

  • Read some of the content that is already available, and provide comments
    • If you notice something that seems mistaken, or difficult to understand
    • If you think there is a gap that should be addressed
    • If you think there’s a better way to express something.

Thanks in anticipation!

  1. A reliability index for politicians? 2 Replies
  2. Technoprogressive Roadmap conf call Leave a reply
  3. Transpolitica and the TPUK Leave a reply
  4. There’s more to democracy than voting Leave a reply
  5. Superdemocracy: issues and opportunities Leave a reply
  6. New complete book awaiting reader reviews Leave a reply
  7. Q4 update: Progress towards “Sustainable superabundance” Leave a reply
  8. Q3 sprint: launch the Abundance Manifesto Leave a reply
  9. Q2 sprint: Political responses to technological unemployment Leave a reply